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← search Masters of the Dark Eyes Missal W.175
Manuscript Overview
References
Bindings & Oddities

Abstract

This Latin Missal was written in Utrecht, Netherlands, ca. 1500. Portraits of the original owners, whose names are not recorded, are accompanied by heraldry indicating that the husband was of the family of St. Férréol of Dauphiné; the wife was of the Cambronne of Ponthieu family. The manuscript is heavily illuminated with more than fifty historiated initials and miniatures by a group of artists known in scholarship as the "Masters of the Dark Eyes." The marginal decoration is also notable, for along with naturalistic flowers, insects, and jewels, there are several instances where the margin itself is historiated. This Missal provides an excellent example of the "Masters of the Dark Eyes" style, and there are a number of related manuscripts that have been identified by these same artists, including two at The Hague: KB, 76 G 9, and KB, 135 E 19.

Hand note

Bâtarde, in two sizes according to liturgical function; same script and hand, but larger module on more widely spaced lines, for prefaces of the canon, and canon of the mass

Decoration Note

One full-page and one half-page miniature; fifty historiated initials (5-14 lines); periodic marginal illumination, ranging from a small strip to all four margins, containing illusionistic flowers, insects, jewels, textiles, and occasionally figures; enlarged foliate initials throughout (3-6 lines); smaller blue and gold initials throughout (2 lines); rubrics in red; text in brown ink

Contributors

artist: Masters of the Dark Eyes

Principal cataloger: Marrow, James

Cataloger: Dutschke, Consuelo

Cataloger: Herbert, Lynley

Cataloger: Valle, Chiara

Editor: Herbert, Lynley

Copy editor: Dibble, Charles

Contributor: Bockrath, Diane

Contributor: Boot, Christine

Contributor: Emery, Doug

Contributor: Noel, William

Contributor: Pizzinato, Riccardo

Contributor: Tabritha, Ariel

Contributor: Toth, Michael B.

Conservator: Owen, Linda

Conservator: Quandt, Abigail

Bibliography

De Ricci, Seymour. Census of Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the United States and Canada. Vol. 1. New York: H. W. Wilson Company, 1935, p. 777, cat. no. 129.


Strittmatter, Anselm. "The Mass-formulary for the Feast of St. Benedict in Walters Manuscript 11." In Miscellanea Liturgica in onore di L. Cuniberto Mohlberg. 2 vols. Bibliotheca Ephemerides Liturgicae 23. Rome, Edizioni Liturgische, 1949, pp. 139-146.


Miner, Dorothy. "Dutch Illuminated Manuscripts in the Walters Art Gallery." Connoisseur Yearbook, 1954-55, p. 77.


Broekhuijsen, Klara H., and Anne S. Korteweg. "Twee boekverluchters uit de Noordelijke Nederlanden in Duitsland." In J.B. Bedaux and A.M. Koldeweij, eds. Annus quadriga mundi opstellen over middeleeuwse kunst opgedragen aan Prof. Dr. Anna C. Esmeijer. Zutphen: Walburg Pers, 1989, pp. 49-75 (on illuminations of other mss by Masters of the Dark Eyes).


Broekhuijsen-Kruijer, Klara H. The Masters of the Dark Eyes: Late Medieval Manuscript Painting in Holland. Turnhout: Brepols, 2009.


These are pages that we pulled aside that disrupted the flow of the manuscript reader. These may be bindings, inserts, bookmarks, and various other oddities.

Upper board outside

Lower board outside

Spine

Fore-edge

Head

Tail

Keywords
Christian
Dutch
Missal
Netherlands
15th century
16th century
Heraldry
Historiated initial
Miniature
Painting

Origin Place

Utrecht, Netherlands

Date

Late 15th century to early 16th century CE

Form

book

Binding

Non-original Binding

Binding Description

Likely rebound c. 1840 by C. Meyer; dark blue morocco with gold tooling; spine inscribed "Missale Romanum MS"

Language

The primary language in this manuscript is Latin.

Provenance

Written in the Utrecht, Netherlands, ca. 1500; arms of first owners on fol. 122r indicate husband was of family of St. Férréol of Dauphiné, and the wife was of the Cambronne of Ponthieu family

Duke of Hamilton collection; not a Hamilton Palace Ms.

W. Flower, by purchase from Hamilton sale, London, 1889, no. 40

Henry White collection, before 1902; his bookplate with arms and motto on front pastedown

Edwards, purchased from White sale, London, 1902, no. 1513

Henry Walters, Baltimore, obtained from W.M. Voynich, before 1931

Acquisition

Walters Art Museum, 1931, by Henry Walters' bequest

← search Masters of the Dark Eyes Missal W.175

Origin Place

Utrecht, Netherlands

Date

Late 15th century to early 16th century CE

Form

book

Language

The primary language in this manuscript is Latin.

Provenance

Written in the Utrecht, Netherlands, ca. 1500; arms of first owners on fol. 122r indicate husband was of family of St. Férréol of Dauphiné, and the wife was of the Cambronne of Ponthieu family

Duke of Hamilton collection; not a Hamilton Palace Ms.

W. Flower, by purchase from Hamilton sale, London, 1889, no. 40

Henry White collection, before 1902; his bookplate with arms and motto on front pastedown

Edwards, purchased from White sale, London, 1902, no. 1513

Henry Walters, Baltimore, obtained from W.M. Voynich, before 1931

Acquisition

Walters Art Museum, 1931, by Henry Walters' bequest

Manuscript Overview

Abstract

This Latin Missal was written in Utrecht, Netherlands, ca. 1500. Portraits of the original owners, whose names are not recorded, are accompanied by heraldry indicating that the husband was of the family of St. Férréol of Dauphiné; the wife was of the Cambronne of Ponthieu family. The manuscript is heavily illuminated with more than fifty historiated initials and miniatures by a group of artists known in scholarship as the "Masters of the Dark Eyes." The marginal decoration is also notable, for along with naturalistic flowers, insects, and jewels, there are several instances where the margin itself is historiated. This Missal provides an excellent example of the "Masters of the Dark Eyes" style, and there are a number of related manuscripts that have been identified by these same artists, including two at The Hague: KB, 76 G 9, and KB, 135 E 19.

Hand note

Bâtarde, in two sizes according to liturgical function; same script and hand, but larger module on more widely spaced lines, for prefaces of the canon, and canon of the mass

Decoration Note

One full-page and one half-page miniature; fifty historiated initials (5-14 lines); periodic marginal illumination, ranging from a small strip to all four margins, containing illusionistic flowers, insects, jewels, textiles, and occasionally figures; enlarged foliate initials throughout (3-6 lines); smaller blue and gold initials throughout (2 lines); rubrics in red; text in brown ink

References

Contributors

artist: Masters of the Dark Eyes

Principal cataloger: Marrow, James

Cataloger: Dutschke, Consuelo

Cataloger: Herbert, Lynley

Cataloger: Valle, Chiara

Editor: Herbert, Lynley

Copy editor: Dibble, Charles

Contributor: Bockrath, Diane

Contributor: Boot, Christine

Contributor: Emery, Doug

Contributor: Noel, William

Contributor: Pizzinato, Riccardo

Contributor: Tabritha, Ariel

Contributor: Toth, Michael B.

Conservator: Owen, Linda

Conservator: Quandt, Abigail

Bibliography

De Ricci, Seymour. Census of Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the United States and Canada. Vol. 1. New York: H. W. Wilson Company, 1935, p. 777, cat. no. 129.


Strittmatter, Anselm. "The Mass-formulary for the Feast of St. Benedict in Walters Manuscript 11." In Miscellanea Liturgica in onore di L. Cuniberto Mohlberg. 2 vols. Bibliotheca Ephemerides Liturgicae 23. Rome, Edizioni Liturgische, 1949, pp. 139-146.


Miner, Dorothy. "Dutch Illuminated Manuscripts in the Walters Art Gallery." Connoisseur Yearbook, 1954-55, p. 77.


Broekhuijsen, Klara H., and Anne S. Korteweg. "Twee boekverluchters uit de Noordelijke Nederlanden in Duitsland." In J.B. Bedaux and A.M. Koldeweij, eds. Annus quadriga mundi opstellen over middeleeuwse kunst opgedragen aan Prof. Dr. Anna C. Esmeijer. Zutphen: Walburg Pers, 1989, pp. 49-75 (on illuminations of other mss by Masters of the Dark Eyes).


Broekhuijsen-Kruijer, Klara H. The Masters of the Dark Eyes: Late Medieval Manuscript Painting in Holland. Turnhout: Brepols, 2009.


Bindings & Oddities

These are pages that we pulled aside that disrupted the flow of the manuscript reader. These may be bindings, inserts, bookmarks, and various other oddities.

Upper board outside

Lower board outside

Spine

Fore-edge

Head

Tail

Keywords
Christian
Dutch
Missal
Netherlands
15th century
16th century
Heraldry
Historiated initial
Miniature
Painting
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