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← search Book of Hours W.208
Manuscript Overview
References
Bindings & Oddities

Abstract

This Book of Hours was likely created in or near Antwerp ca. 1470, as its artist was influenced by the Antwerp-based illuminator Lieven van Lathem (active there 1462-1493). The book appears to have been connected with the diocese of Tournai soon after its creation, for an early hand added a large number of saints from that region to the calendar in French. Its twelve surviving full-page miniatures are of fine quality, and closely recall the approach to composition and figural style of the Prayer Book of Charles the Bold from ca. 1469, now at the Getty (MS. 37).

Text Note

Incomplete; lacking Office of the Dead, likely originally at end of manuscript

Hand note

Littera batarda

Decoration Note

Twelve extant full-page miniatures, with one likely lost along with now missing text of Office of the Dead; dense foliate borders around miniatures; more delicate partial borders found only in outer side margins from fols. 36r-39v and fols. 128v-143v; large decorated initials in blue on gold grounds, often containing flowers, at major text openings (3-4 lines); smaller decorated initials in blue and rose on gold grounds, for secondary text divisions (2 lines); small initials in gold on blue and pink grounds with white patterning for versals (1 line) and for KL in calendar (2 lines); line fillers throughout in blue and rose with white designs and gold dots; rubrics in dark rose; text in brown ink

Contributors

Orbit of: Lieven, van Lathem, active 1454-1493 (artist)

Principal cataloger: Randall, Lilian M.C.

Cataloger: Herbert, Lynley

Editor: Herbert, Lynley

Copy editor: Dibble, Charles

Contributor: Brown, Emily

Contributor: Emery, Doug

Contributor: Noel, William

Contributor: Schuele, Allyson

Contributor: Tabritha, Ariel

Contributor: Toth, Michael B.

Contributor: Wiegand, Kimber

Conservator: Owen, Linda

Conservator: Quandt, Abigail

Bibliography

De Ricci, Seymour, and W. J. Wilson. Census of Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the United States and Canada. Vol. 1. New York: H. W. Wilson Company, 1935; p. 799, cat. no. 269.


Miner, Dorothy. The Illuminated Books of the Middle Ages and Renaissance. Exhibition Catalogue for Baltimore, Baltimore Museum of Art. Baltimore: Trustees of the Walters Art Gallery, 1949; cat. no. 123.


Flanders in the Fifteenth Century: Art and Civilization. Exhibition Catalogue, "Masterpieces of Flemish Art: van Eyck to Bosch," for Detroit and Bruges, Detroit Institute of Arts. Detroit and Bruges: Detroit Institute of Arts, 1960; cat. no. 204.


Diringer, David. The Illuminated Book: Its History and Production. Revised edition. New York: Faber and Faber, 1967; p. 444.


Bowles, Edmund A. "A Checklist of Musical Instruments in Fifteenth Century Illuminated Manuscripts at the Walters Art Gallery." Music Library Association 32 (1976): 719-726; p. 723.


Owens, M.B. "Musical Subjects in the Illumination of Books of Hours from Fifteenth-Century France and Flanders." Ph.D. diss, University of Chicago, 1987; p. 405, fig. 17.


Owens, Margaret B. “The Image of King David in Prayer in Fifteenth-Century Books of Hours.” Imago musicae 6 (1990): 23-38; pp. 23, 29 (fig. 4).


Randall, Lilian M. C. Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Walters Art Gallery. Vol. 3, Belgium, 1250-1530. Baltimore and London: Johns Hopkins University Press in association with the Walters Art Gallery, 1997; pp. 348-352, cat. no. 270.


These are pages that we pulled aside that disrupted the flow of the manuscript reader. These may be bindings, inserts, bookmarks, and various other oddities.

Upper board outside

Lower board outside

Spine

Fore-edge

Head

Tail

Keywords
Book of Hours
Flemish
Miniature
Flanders
15th century
Devotion
Christian

Origin Place

Antwerp(?)

Date

Ca. 1470 CE

Form

book

Binding

Original Binding

Binding Description

Bound in Belgium in the second half of the fifteenth century; dark brown leather over wooden boards, sewn on three cords; possibly rebacked in the eighteenth century; covers blind tooled with patterns of foliage, birds, and lions; red and green silk endbands; traces of gilding on page edges but mostly scraped off; traces of spots for fasteners on fore-edge of boards

Language

The primary language in this manuscript is Latin. The secondary language of this manuscript is French, Middle (ca.1400-1600).

Provenance

Created ca. 1470 by an artist influenced by the Antwerp-based illuminator Lieven van Lathem, making it likely this manuscript was also made in or near Antwerp

"Thomas S." inscribed name in sixteenth century on fol. 1r

Erased inscription in lower margin of fol. 1r may read "Bibliotheca Dunensis 1725"

Léon Gruel, Paris, late nineteenth or early twentieth century

Henry Walters, Baltimore, acquired from Gruel between 1895 and 1931

Acquisition

Walters Art Museum, 1931, by Henry Walters' bequest

← search Book of Hours W.208

Origin Place

Antwerp(?)

Date

Ca. 1470 CE

Form

book

Language

The primary language in this manuscript is Latin. The secondary language of this manuscript is French, Middle (ca.1400-1600).

Provenance

Created ca. 1470 by an artist influenced by the Antwerp-based illuminator Lieven van Lathem, making it likely this manuscript was also made in or near Antwerp

"Thomas S." inscribed name in sixteenth century on fol. 1r

Erased inscription in lower margin of fol. 1r may read "Bibliotheca Dunensis 1725"

Léon Gruel, Paris, late nineteenth or early twentieth century

Henry Walters, Baltimore, acquired from Gruel between 1895 and 1931

Acquisition

Walters Art Museum, 1931, by Henry Walters' bequest

Manuscript Overview

Abstract

This Book of Hours was likely created in or near Antwerp ca. 1470, as its artist was influenced by the Antwerp-based illuminator Lieven van Lathem (active there 1462-1493). The book appears to have been connected with the diocese of Tournai soon after its creation, for an early hand added a large number of saints from that region to the calendar in French. Its twelve surviving full-page miniatures are of fine quality, and closely recall the approach to composition and figural style of the Prayer Book of Charles the Bold from ca. 1469, now at the Getty (MS. 37).

Text Note

Incomplete; lacking Office of the Dead, likely originally at end of manuscript

Hand note

Littera batarda

Decoration Note

Twelve extant full-page miniatures, with one likely lost along with now missing text of Office of the Dead; dense foliate borders around miniatures; more delicate partial borders found only in outer side margins from fols. 36r-39v and fols. 128v-143v; large decorated initials in blue on gold grounds, often containing flowers, at major text openings (3-4 lines); smaller decorated initials in blue and rose on gold grounds, for secondary text divisions (2 lines); small initials in gold on blue and pink grounds with white patterning for versals (1 line) and for KL in calendar (2 lines); line fillers throughout in blue and rose with white designs and gold dots; rubrics in dark rose; text in brown ink

References

Contributors

Orbit of: Lieven, van Lathem, active 1454-1493 (artist)

Principal cataloger: Randall, Lilian M.C.

Cataloger: Herbert, Lynley

Editor: Herbert, Lynley

Copy editor: Dibble, Charles

Contributor: Brown, Emily

Contributor: Emery, Doug

Contributor: Noel, William

Contributor: Schuele, Allyson

Contributor: Tabritha, Ariel

Contributor: Toth, Michael B.

Contributor: Wiegand, Kimber

Conservator: Owen, Linda

Conservator: Quandt, Abigail

Bibliography

De Ricci, Seymour, and W. J. Wilson. Census of Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the United States and Canada. Vol. 1. New York: H. W. Wilson Company, 1935; p. 799, cat. no. 269.


Miner, Dorothy. The Illuminated Books of the Middle Ages and Renaissance. Exhibition Catalogue for Baltimore, Baltimore Museum of Art. Baltimore: Trustees of the Walters Art Gallery, 1949; cat. no. 123.


Flanders in the Fifteenth Century: Art and Civilization. Exhibition Catalogue, "Masterpieces of Flemish Art: van Eyck to Bosch," for Detroit and Bruges, Detroit Institute of Arts. Detroit and Bruges: Detroit Institute of Arts, 1960; cat. no. 204.


Diringer, David. The Illuminated Book: Its History and Production. Revised edition. New York: Faber and Faber, 1967; p. 444.


Bowles, Edmund A. "A Checklist of Musical Instruments in Fifteenth Century Illuminated Manuscripts at the Walters Art Gallery." Music Library Association 32 (1976): 719-726; p. 723.


Owens, M.B. "Musical Subjects in the Illumination of Books of Hours from Fifteenth-Century France and Flanders." Ph.D. diss, University of Chicago, 1987; p. 405, fig. 17.


Owens, Margaret B. “The Image of King David in Prayer in Fifteenth-Century Books of Hours.” Imago musicae 6 (1990): 23-38; pp. 23, 29 (fig. 4).


Randall, Lilian M. C. Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Walters Art Gallery. Vol. 3, Belgium, 1250-1530. Baltimore and London: Johns Hopkins University Press in association with the Walters Art Gallery, 1997; pp. 348-352, cat. no. 270.


Bindings & Oddities

These are pages that we pulled aside that disrupted the flow of the manuscript reader. These may be bindings, inserts, bookmarks, and various other oddities.

Upper board outside

Lower board outside

Spine

Fore-edge

Head

Tail

Keywords
Book of Hours
Flemish
Miniature
Flanders
15th century
Devotion
Christian
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