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← search Book of Hours with Premonstratensian connections W.215
Manuscript Overview
References
Bindings & Oddities

Abstract

This Book of Hours was created ca. 1400-1415 in either Flanders or Artois. There are twenty-three miniatures, six historiated initials, and drolleries, the latter found mainly on pages with historiated initials. The Hours of the Virgin are connected to the collegiate church of St. Pierre in Lille, as evinced by the hymn "Ueni Creator" at Lauds and None, as well as the antiphon "Cum iocunditate" at Compline. The book also contains an Office of the Dead that corresponds to Premostratensian use, and a Prayer to Christ that contains an introductory attribution to Friar Bertrant, priest and cardinal at an unidentified foundation dedicated to St. Cecilia. Additionally, the Suffrages are interpolated throughout the Hours of the Virgin from Lauds to Compline.

Hand note

Written in textura

Decoration Note

Six historiated initials (5-12 lines); twenty-three miniatures (6-10 lines); decorated illuminated initials at major text openings (3-8 lines); flourished initials at secondary text divisions and at "K L" in calendar (3 lines); borders on pages with miniatures, as well as historiated and decorated initials; drolleries appear with historiated initials; occasional line fillers throughout; rubrics in red, text in brown ink

Contributors

Principal cataloger: Randall, Lilian M.C.

Cataloger: Ransom, Allison

Editor: Herbert, Lynley

Copy editor: Dibble, Charles

Contributor: Emery, Doug

Contributor: Mergen, Christopher

Contributor: Noel, William

Contributor: Tabritha, Ariel

Contributor: Toth, Michael B.

Contributor: Wiegand, Kimber

Conservator: Owen, Linda

Conservator: Quandt, Abigail

Bibliography

De Ricci, Seymour, and W. J. Wilson. Census of Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the United States and Canada. Vol. 1. New York: H. W. Wilson Company, 1935; p. 787, cat. no. 188.


Meiss, M., Painting in Florence and Siena after the Black Death, Princeton, 1951, p. 142


Walters Art Gallery. The International Style: The Arts in Europe Around 1400. Baltimore: Walters Art Gallery, 1962. p. 66, cat. no. 62, plate XLVI


Owens, M.B., "Musical Subjects in the Illumination of Books of Hours from Fifteenth-Century France and Flanders," PhD diss., University of Chicago, 1987, p. 47, 189


Wieck, Roger S. Time Sanctified. The Book of Hours in Medieval Art and Life. New York: George Braziller. 1988. p. 114, 208-209, cat. no. 81, fig. 91, fol. 65v


Randall, Lilian M. C. Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Walters Art Gallery. Vol. 3. Belgium, 1250-1530. Baltimore and London: Johns Hopkins University Press in association with the Walters Art Gallery, 1989; pp. 91-97, cat. no. 227; figs. 437, 438.


Ottosen, K. The Responsories and Versicale of the Latin Office of the Dead. 1993.


Gil, Marc, and Ludovic Nys. Saint-Omer gothique: Les arts figuratifs à Saint-Omer à la fin du Moyen Âge, 1250-1550: Peinture, vitrail, sculpture, arts du livre. Valenciennes: Presses Universitaires de Valenciennes, 2004; p. 76.


Marrow, James H., Brigitte Dekeyzer, and Jan Van Der Stock. Pictorial Invention in the Netherlandish Manuscript Illumination of the Late Middle Ages: The Play of Illusion and Meaning. Leuven: Peeters Publishers, 2005; pp. 7, 12, 35 (n. 25).


Ottosen, Knud. The Responsories and Versicles of the Latin Office of the Dead. Norderstedt, Germany: Books on Demand, 2007; pp. viii, 176, 345.


Bousmanne, Bernard, and Thierry Delcourt (Eds.). Miniatures flamandes 1404-1482. Belgium: Bibliothèque royale de Belgique, 2011, p. 22, illust. no. 4, fol. 120r


These are pages that we pulled aside that disrupted the flow of the manuscript reader. These may be bindings, inserts, bookmarks, and various other oddities.

Upper board outside

Lower board outside

Spine

Fore-edge

Head

Tail

Keywords
Book of Hours
Christian
Flemish
Miniature
Flanders
15th century
Devotion

Origin Place

Flanders or Artois

Date

Ca. 1400-1415 CE

Form

book

Binding

Non-original Binding

Binding Description

Early eighteenth century re-binding from France; dark red leather boards with gold-tooled edges; flat spine with five raised bands and gilt title "HEVRES/ ANTIQV"; gilt name "REBOVCH" at tail of spine suggests it was rebound by early eighteenth century owner Fr. Claude Reboucher, who inscribed his name and the date 1724 on front flyleaf iv, verso; gilt edges

Language

The primary language in this manuscript is Latin.

Provenance

Created ca. 1400-1415, either Flanders or Artois, for liturgical use associated with St.-Pierre in Lille as well as the Premonstratensian Order

"Capitaine Frouard," 1585, inscription on front flyleaf iv

"Sigisbert Nicolas Charrouyer" seventeenth century inscription on fol. 1r

"Fr. Claude Reboucher... Curia senator," 1724, his inscription on front flyleaf iv, verso

Léon Gruel, Paris bookbinder and bookseller, before 1903; Gruel and Engelmann bookplate inscribed "No. 86" on front pastedown

Henry Walters, Baltimore, June 1903, purchased from Gruel

Acquisition

Walters Art Museum, 1931, by Henry Walters' bequest

← search Book of Hours with Premonstratensian connections W.215

Origin Place

Flanders or Artois

Date

Ca. 1400-1415 CE

Form

book

Language

The primary language in this manuscript is Latin.

Provenance

Created ca. 1400-1415, either Flanders or Artois, for liturgical use associated with St.-Pierre in Lille as well as the Premonstratensian Order

"Capitaine Frouard," 1585, inscription on front flyleaf iv

"Sigisbert Nicolas Charrouyer" seventeenth century inscription on fol. 1r

"Fr. Claude Reboucher... Curia senator," 1724, his inscription on front flyleaf iv, verso

Léon Gruel, Paris bookbinder and bookseller, before 1903; Gruel and Engelmann bookplate inscribed "No. 86" on front pastedown

Henry Walters, Baltimore, June 1903, purchased from Gruel

Acquisition

Walters Art Museum, 1931, by Henry Walters' bequest

Manuscript Overview

Abstract

This Book of Hours was created ca. 1400-1415 in either Flanders or Artois. There are twenty-three miniatures, six historiated initials, and drolleries, the latter found mainly on pages with historiated initials. The Hours of the Virgin are connected to the collegiate church of St. Pierre in Lille, as evinced by the hymn "Ueni Creator" at Lauds and None, as well as the antiphon "Cum iocunditate" at Compline. The book also contains an Office of the Dead that corresponds to Premostratensian use, and a Prayer to Christ that contains an introductory attribution to Friar Bertrant, priest and cardinal at an unidentified foundation dedicated to St. Cecilia. Additionally, the Suffrages are interpolated throughout the Hours of the Virgin from Lauds to Compline.

Hand note

Written in textura

Decoration Note

Six historiated initials (5-12 lines); twenty-three miniatures (6-10 lines); decorated illuminated initials at major text openings (3-8 lines); flourished initials at secondary text divisions and at "K L" in calendar (3 lines); borders on pages with miniatures, as well as historiated and decorated initials; drolleries appear with historiated initials; occasional line fillers throughout; rubrics in red, text in brown ink

References

Contributors

Principal cataloger: Randall, Lilian M.C.

Cataloger: Ransom, Allison

Editor: Herbert, Lynley

Copy editor: Dibble, Charles

Contributor: Emery, Doug

Contributor: Mergen, Christopher

Contributor: Noel, William

Contributor: Tabritha, Ariel

Contributor: Toth, Michael B.

Contributor: Wiegand, Kimber

Conservator: Owen, Linda

Conservator: Quandt, Abigail

Bibliography

De Ricci, Seymour, and W. J. Wilson. Census of Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the United States and Canada. Vol. 1. New York: H. W. Wilson Company, 1935; p. 787, cat. no. 188.


Meiss, M., Painting in Florence and Siena after the Black Death, Princeton, 1951, p. 142


Walters Art Gallery. The International Style: The Arts in Europe Around 1400. Baltimore: Walters Art Gallery, 1962. p. 66, cat. no. 62, plate XLVI


Owens, M.B., "Musical Subjects in the Illumination of Books of Hours from Fifteenth-Century France and Flanders," PhD diss., University of Chicago, 1987, p. 47, 189


Wieck, Roger S. Time Sanctified. The Book of Hours in Medieval Art and Life. New York: George Braziller. 1988. p. 114, 208-209, cat. no. 81, fig. 91, fol. 65v


Randall, Lilian M. C. Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Walters Art Gallery. Vol. 3. Belgium, 1250-1530. Baltimore and London: Johns Hopkins University Press in association with the Walters Art Gallery, 1989; pp. 91-97, cat. no. 227; figs. 437, 438.


Ottosen, K. The Responsories and Versicale of the Latin Office of the Dead. 1993.


Gil, Marc, and Ludovic Nys. Saint-Omer gothique: Les arts figuratifs à Saint-Omer à la fin du Moyen Âge, 1250-1550: Peinture, vitrail, sculpture, arts du livre. Valenciennes: Presses Universitaires de Valenciennes, 2004; p. 76.


Marrow, James H., Brigitte Dekeyzer, and Jan Van Der Stock. Pictorial Invention in the Netherlandish Manuscript Illumination of the Late Middle Ages: The Play of Illusion and Meaning. Leuven: Peeters Publishers, 2005; pp. 7, 12, 35 (n. 25).


Ottosen, Knud. The Responsories and Versicles of the Latin Office of the Dead. Norderstedt, Germany: Books on Demand, 2007; pp. viii, 176, 345.


Bousmanne, Bernard, and Thierry Delcourt (Eds.). Miniatures flamandes 1404-1482. Belgium: Bibliothèque royale de Belgique, 2011, p. 22, illust. no. 4, fol. 120r


Bindings & Oddities

These are pages that we pulled aside that disrupted the flow of the manuscript reader. These may be bindings, inserts, bookmarks, and various other oddities.

Upper board outside

Lower board outside

Spine

Fore-edge

Head

Tail

Keywords
Book of Hours
Christian
Flemish
Miniature
Flanders
15th century
Devotion
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