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<< return to search Melk missal W.33
Manuscript Overview
References
Bindings & Oddities

Abstract

This missal, which dates to the late twelfth or early thirteenth century, was made for the Benedictine abbey of Melk (or possibly Seitenstetten) in Lower Austria, as indicated by the inclusion of local saints. The surviving volume of a multi-volume missal, the manuscript contains only the ordinary of the mass and the "summer part," with the temporale running from Holy Saturday through the Sunday after Trinity Sunday and the sanctorale beginning with the feast of Primus and Felicianus (June 9) and ending with St. Andrew (November 30). Most notable about the manuscript are its skilled pen drawings, including two full-page miniatures depicting Christ in Majesty and the Crucifixion, as well as sixteen ornate initials, three of which are by the artist known as Gottschalk of Lambach.

Text Note

Text is "summer part" of missal only, Use of Melk

Hand note

Text not originally included but added to blank folios in several later hands in the fourteenth and fifteenth century

Decoration Note

Two full-page miniatures, drawn in red and purple pen, with only the backgrounds painted in solid tones of blue and light green and images contained within frames of penned foliate designs; six historiated initials, five inhabited initials, and five decorated initials, all between 4 and 10 lines in height and done in the same technique and colors as the miniatures; three pen-drawn initials added later in blank spaces; capitals in red throughout, ranging from 1 to 4 lines; text and neumes in black ink

Contributors

artist: Gottschalk, 12th cent.

Cataloger: Walters Art Museum curatorial staff and researchers since 1934

Editor: Herbert, Lynley

Editor: Noel, William

Copy editor: Bockrath, Diane

Contributor: Bockrath, Diane

Contributor: Clarkson, Christopher

Contributor: Davis, Lisa Fagin

Contributor: Dutschke, Consuelo

Contributor: Emery, Doug

Contributor: Hamburger, Jeffrey

Contributor: Noel, William

Contributor: Sciacca, Christine

Contributor: Tabritha, Ariel

Contributor: Toth, Michael B.

Conservator: Owen, Linda

Conservator: Quandt, Abigail

Bibliography

Swarzenski, Georg. Die Salzburger Malerei von den ersten Anfängen bis zur Blütezeit des romanischen Stils. Leipzig: Karl W. Hiersemann, 1913, pp. 153, 165, pl. 121, figs. 406-407 (fols. 1v, 2v).


Bibliotheca Medii Aevi Manuscripta. Pars Altera: Einhundert Handschriften des Mittelalters vom zehnten bis zum fünfzehnten Jahrhunderts. Munich: Jacques Rosenthal, 1928, pp. 88-90, no. 167, pl. 17 (fol. 1v).


Davis, Lisa Fagin. The Gottschalk Antiphonary: Music and Liturgy in Twelfth-Century Lambach. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2000, pp. 25-26.


Miner, Dorothy E. "The Development of Medieval Illumination." Catholic Life Annual 1 (1958): 14-15, fig. 5 (fol. 9r).


Pirker-Aurenhammer, Veronika. Die Gumbertusbibel: Codex 1 der Universitätsbibliothek Erlangen: Ein Regensburger Bildprogramm des späten 12 Jahrhunderts. Regensburg, Germany: Universitätsverlag Regensburg, 1998, p. 140., no. 74.


Walters Art Gallery. The History of Bookbinding 525-1950 A.D.: An Exhibition Held at the Baltimore Museum of Art, November 12, 1957, to January 12, 1958. Baltimore: Trustees of the Walters Art Gallery, 1957, pp. 65-66, no. 152.


Holcomb, Melanie. Pen and Parchment: Drawing in the Middle Ages. New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art; New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2009, pp. 100-102, no. 26.


Holter, Kurt. "Neue Beiträge zur Geschichte der Stiftsbibliothek Lambach im hohen mittelalter." In Kunstgeschichte und Denkmalpflege: Festschrift für Norbert Wibiral zum 65. Geburtstag. Georg Heilingsetzer, ed. Linz, Austria: Musealverein, 1986, pp. 85-98.


Holter, Kurt. "Initialen aus einer Lambacher Handschrift des 12. Jahrhundert." Wiener Jahrbuch für Kunstgeschichte 46-47 (1993-4): 255-265.


Hoffmann, Konrad. The Year 1200: Between Romanesque and Gothic. New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1970, p. 289, no. 282 (fol. 1v).


Glaßner, Christine, and Alois Haidinger. Die Anfänge der Melker Bibliothek: Neue Erkenntnisse zu Handschriften und Fragmenten aus der Zeit vor 1200. Melk, Austria: Verlag Stift Melk, 1996, pp. 86, 91.


De Ricci, Seymour. Census of Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the United States and Canada. Vol. 1. New York: H. W. Wilson Company, 1935, p. 775, no. 115.


Huglo, Michel. "Souvenirs énchantes de la Walters Art Gallery." Journal of the Walters Art Gallery 54 (1996): 1-8.


Toledo Museum of Art. Medieval and Renaissance Music Manuscripts. Toledo, 1953, p. 10, no. 28, pl. 5 (fol. 9r).


Walters Art Gallery. Illuminated Books of the Middle Ages and Renaissance: An Exhibition Held at the Baltimore Museum of Art. Baltimore: Trustees of the Walters Art Gallery, 1949, p. 14, no. 30, pl. 18 (fol. 9r).


These are pages that we pulled aside that disrupted the flow of the manuscript reader. These may be bindings, inserts, bookmarks, and various other oddities.

Upper board outside

Lower board outside

Spine

Fore-edge

Head

Tail

Keywords
Christian
Austrian
Missal
Austria
Devotion
Liturgy
Inhabited initial
Miniature
Binding
Romanesque
12th century
13th century

Origin Place

Melk, Austria

Date

Late 12th--early 13th century CE

Form

book

Binding

Non-original Binding

Binding Description

Austrian fifteenth-century beech boards covered with brown calfskin stamped with inscribed scrolls containing German poetic inscriptions; Clarkson notes in the Walters file that letters are raised and therefore cannot have been directly impressed with movable type as suggested by Miner and Goldschmidt; much restored; pastedowns of manuscript waste: front pastedown in twelfth-century Gothic bookhand (1 Chronicles, 2:33-43), back pastedown in fifteenth-century German cursive hybrid bookhand (breviary)

Language

The primary language in this manuscript is Latin.

Provenance

Benedictine abbey of Melk or possibly Seitenstetten, evinced by the patron saints of Melk, Peter and Paul, and Cholomannus

Seitenstetten Stiftsbibliothek Ms. 127, acquired before 1913; described in 1913 Swarzenski publication

Jacques Rosenthal bookplate on inside of upper board, cat. 90, 1928

Henry Walters, Baltimore, before 1931

Acquisition

Walters Art Museum, 1931, by Henry Walters' bequest

<< return to search Melk missal W.33

Origin Place

Melk, Austria

Date

Late 12th--early 13th century CE

Form

book

Language

The primary language in this manuscript is Latin.

Provenance

Benedictine abbey of Melk or possibly Seitenstetten, evinced by the patron saints of Melk, Peter and Paul, and Cholomannus

Seitenstetten Stiftsbibliothek Ms. 127, acquired before 1913; described in 1913 Swarzenski publication

Jacques Rosenthal bookplate on inside of upper board, cat. 90, 1928

Henry Walters, Baltimore, before 1931

Acquisition

Walters Art Museum, 1931, by Henry Walters' bequest

Manuscript Overview

Abstract

This missal, which dates to the late twelfth or early thirteenth century, was made for the Benedictine abbey of Melk (or possibly Seitenstetten) in Lower Austria, as indicated by the inclusion of local saints. The surviving volume of a multi-volume missal, the manuscript contains only the ordinary of the mass and the "summer part," with the temporale running from Holy Saturday through the Sunday after Trinity Sunday and the sanctorale beginning with the feast of Primus and Felicianus (June 9) and ending with St. Andrew (November 30). Most notable about the manuscript are its skilled pen drawings, including two full-page miniatures depicting Christ in Majesty and the Crucifixion, as well as sixteen ornate initials, three of which are by the artist known as Gottschalk of Lambach.

Text Note

Text is "summer part" of missal only, Use of Melk

Hand note

Text not originally included but added to blank folios in several later hands in the fourteenth and fifteenth century

Decoration Note

Two full-page miniatures, drawn in red and purple pen, with only the backgrounds painted in solid tones of blue and light green and images contained within frames of penned foliate designs; six historiated initials, five inhabited initials, and five decorated initials, all between 4 and 10 lines in height and done in the same technique and colors as the miniatures; three pen-drawn initials added later in blank spaces; capitals in red throughout, ranging from 1 to 4 lines; text and neumes in black ink

References

Contributors

artist: Gottschalk, 12th cent.

Cataloger: Walters Art Museum curatorial staff and researchers since 1934

Editor: Herbert, Lynley

Editor: Noel, William

Copy editor: Bockrath, Diane

Contributor: Bockrath, Diane

Contributor: Clarkson, Christopher

Contributor: Davis, Lisa Fagin

Contributor: Dutschke, Consuelo

Contributor: Emery, Doug

Contributor: Hamburger, Jeffrey

Contributor: Noel, William

Contributor: Sciacca, Christine

Contributor: Tabritha, Ariel

Contributor: Toth, Michael B.

Conservator: Owen, Linda

Conservator: Quandt, Abigail

Bibliography

Swarzenski, Georg. Die Salzburger Malerei von den ersten Anfängen bis zur Blütezeit des romanischen Stils. Leipzig: Karl W. Hiersemann, 1913, pp. 153, 165, pl. 121, figs. 406-407 (fols. 1v, 2v).


Bibliotheca Medii Aevi Manuscripta. Pars Altera: Einhundert Handschriften des Mittelalters vom zehnten bis zum fünfzehnten Jahrhunderts. Munich: Jacques Rosenthal, 1928, pp. 88-90, no. 167, pl. 17 (fol. 1v).


Davis, Lisa Fagin. The Gottschalk Antiphonary: Music and Liturgy in Twelfth-Century Lambach. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2000, pp. 25-26.


Miner, Dorothy E. "The Development of Medieval Illumination." Catholic Life Annual 1 (1958): 14-15, fig. 5 (fol. 9r).


Pirker-Aurenhammer, Veronika. Die Gumbertusbibel: Codex 1 der Universitätsbibliothek Erlangen: Ein Regensburger Bildprogramm des späten 12 Jahrhunderts. Regensburg, Germany: Universitätsverlag Regensburg, 1998, p. 140., no. 74.


Walters Art Gallery. The History of Bookbinding 525-1950 A.D.: An Exhibition Held at the Baltimore Museum of Art, November 12, 1957, to January 12, 1958. Baltimore: Trustees of the Walters Art Gallery, 1957, pp. 65-66, no. 152.


Holcomb, Melanie. Pen and Parchment: Drawing in the Middle Ages. New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art; New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2009, pp. 100-102, no. 26.


Holter, Kurt. "Neue Beiträge zur Geschichte der Stiftsbibliothek Lambach im hohen mittelalter." In Kunstgeschichte und Denkmalpflege: Festschrift für Norbert Wibiral zum 65. Geburtstag. Georg Heilingsetzer, ed. Linz, Austria: Musealverein, 1986, pp. 85-98.


Holter, Kurt. "Initialen aus einer Lambacher Handschrift des 12. Jahrhundert." Wiener Jahrbuch für Kunstgeschichte 46-47 (1993-4): 255-265.


Hoffmann, Konrad. The Year 1200: Between Romanesque and Gothic. New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1970, p. 289, no. 282 (fol. 1v).


Glaßner, Christine, and Alois Haidinger. Die Anfänge der Melker Bibliothek: Neue Erkenntnisse zu Handschriften und Fragmenten aus der Zeit vor 1200. Melk, Austria: Verlag Stift Melk, 1996, pp. 86, 91.


De Ricci, Seymour. Census of Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the United States and Canada. Vol. 1. New York: H. W. Wilson Company, 1935, p. 775, no. 115.


Huglo, Michel. "Souvenirs énchantes de la Walters Art Gallery." Journal of the Walters Art Gallery 54 (1996): 1-8.


Toledo Museum of Art. Medieval and Renaissance Music Manuscripts. Toledo, 1953, p. 10, no. 28, pl. 5 (fol. 9r).


Walters Art Gallery. Illuminated Books of the Middle Ages and Renaissance: An Exhibition Held at the Baltimore Museum of Art. Baltimore: Trustees of the Walters Art Gallery, 1949, p. 14, no. 30, pl. 18 (fol. 9r).


Bindings & Oddities

These are pages that we pulled aside that disrupted the flow of the manuscript reader. These may be bindings, inserts, bookmarks, and various other oddities.

Upper board outside

Lower board outside

Spine

Fore-edge

Head

Tail

Keywords
Christian
Austrian
Missal
Austria
Devotion
Liturgy
Inhabited initial
Miniature
Binding
Romanesque
12th century
13th century
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