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<< return to search Prayer Book (fragment) W.425
Manuscript Overview
References
Bindings & Oddities

Abstract

This Prayer Book was created ca. 1520-30, likely in Brussels, in the style of the Master of Charles V. It consists entirely of single folios that were added in or moved around in the book, rendering collation unfeasible. Many of intricate and high-quality miniatures were reproduced through chromolithography by Léon Gruel in his Petites Heures, published in Paris in 1875. The calendar is especially charming and features seasonally relevant illustrations, such as children having a snowball fight in December. The suffrages contain detailed and illusionistic figures, including one for St. Elizabeth of Hungary. The contents of the calendar suggest a Franciscan affinity.

Hand note

Written in littera gotica rotunda

Decoration Note

Twenty-one extant miniatures (fourteen full-page miniatures, seven large miniatures, all misbound singletons); twenty-four calendar illustrations, each with zodiac symbol in roundel; decorated initials at text openings opposite full-page miniatures (4 lines), at text openings opposite large miniatures (3 lines), at secondary text divisions and "K L" in calendar (2 lines), and at versals and dominical letters "A" in calendar (1 line); rubrics in red; text in brown and black ink

Contributors

Principal cataloger: Randall, Lilian M.C.

Cataloger: Ransom, Allison

Editor: Herbert, Lynley

Copy editor: Wallace, Susan

Contributor: Brown, Emily

Contributor: Emery, Doug

Contributor: Noel, William

Contributor: Schuele, Allyson

Contributor: Shartrand, Emily

Contributor: Tabritha, Ariel

Contributor: Toth, Michael B.

Contributor: Wiegand, Kimber

Conservator: Owen, Linda

Conservator: Quandt, Abigail

Bibliography

De Ricci, Seymour, and W. J. Wilson. Census of Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the United States and Canada. Vol. 1. New York: H. W. Wilson Company, 1935; p. 807, cat. no. 313.


Marrow, James H. "Book of Hours: In Latin (with some marginal inscriptions in Dutch), Southern Netherlands, 1544, NYPL MA 60." In The Splendor of the Word: Medieval and Renaissance Illuminated Manuscripts at the New York Public Library. Edited by Lucy Freeman Sandler, James H. Marrow, and Jonathan J. G. Alexander. Harvey Miller Publishers, 2005: 301-4; p. 304, ref. under cat. no. 67.


Diringer, David. The Illuminated Book: Its History and Production. Revised edition. NY: Philosophical Library, 1967; p. 452, Pl. vii-33.


Verdier, Philippe. Catalogue of the Painted Enamels of the Renaissance at the Walters Art Gallery. Baltimore: Trustees of the Walters Art Gallery, 1967; cat. no. 206, illus. (lower cover).


Fox, Sally. The Medieval Woman: An Illuminated Book of Days. Boston: Bullfinch, 1985; illus. (f. 4).


Owens, M. B. "Musical Subjects in the Illumination of Books of Hours from Fifteenth-Century France and Flanders." Ph.D. diss., University of Chicago, 1987; p. 470.


Wieck, Roger S. Time Sanctified: The Book of Hours in Medieval Art and Life. Exhibition Catalogue. Baltimore, Walters Art Gallery. NY: George Braiziller, 1988; pp. 48-51, 218, cat. no. 105, fig. 15.


Collins, Marie and Virginia Davis. A Medieval Book of Seasons. London: HarperCollins, 1991; p. 131 (illus.).


Randall, Lilian M. C. Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Walters Art Gallery. Vol. 2, France, 1420-1540. Baltimore and London: Johns Hopkins University Press in association with the Walters Art Gallery, 1992; p. 444 (ref. under cat. no. 192, W. 430).


Gathercole, Patricia M. Animals in Medieval French Manuscript Illumination. Lewiston, NY: Edwin Mellen Press, 1995; p. 60.


Hindman, Sandra. "Times to Remember." Rare Book Review 34 (2006): 40-44; p. 43.


Randall, Lilian M. C. Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Walters Art Gallery. Vol. 3, Belgium, 1250-1530. Baltimore and London: Johns Hopkins University Press in association with the Walters Art Gallery, 1997; pp. 531-39, cat. no. 297.


Henisch, Bridget Ann. The Medieval Calendar Year. University Park, PA: The Pennsylvania State University Press, 1999; pp. 7 (as fig. 6-19), 66 (as fig. 3-7), 68 (fig. 3-7), 72 (as fig. 3-7), 76 (as fig. 3-7), 161 (as fig. 6-19), 162 (fig. 6-19), 163 (as fig. 6-19), 176 (as fig. 3-7).


Wieck, Roger S. "Prayer for the People: The Book of Hours." In A History of Prayer: The First to the Fifteenth Century. Edited by Roy Hammerling, 389-440. Leiden: Brill Academic Publishers, 2008; p. 423 (fig. 4).


Hammer, Gabriel. Bernhard von Clairvaux in der Buchmalerei: Darstellungen des Zisterzienserabtes in Handschriften von 1135-1630. Regensburg: Schnell und Steiner, 2009; p. 420.


These are pages that we pulled aside that disrupted the flow of the manuscript reader. These may be bindings, inserts, bookmarks, and various other oddities.

Upper board outside

32bookmarkv

Lower board outside

Spine

Fore-edge

Head

Tail

Keywords
Flemish
Flanders
16th century
Christian
Miniature
Devotion
Prayer book
Notable binding
Medallion
Painting

Origin Place

Brussels (?)

Date

Ca. 1520-30 CE

Form

book

Binding

Non-original Binding

Binding Description

Rebound during the nineteenth century by Léon Gruel in Paris; black leather; modern sewing; sixteenth-century style designs on sides with red, brown, and green inlays framing gilded fillets; enamel oval plaques (3.5 x 2.6 cm) of Christ (upper board) and the Virgin (lower board) inlaid at center of upper and lower boards; spine rounded and backed, "GRUEL" in gold at tail-edge; modern endbands in blue, yellow, and red; modern gilded edges; two gold edge-pin fastenings and clasps at fore-edge

Language

The primary language in this manuscript is Latin.

Provenance

Created ca. 1520-30 by workshop influenced by the Master of Charles V in Brussels

Inscription in lower margins on fols. 47v

Léon Gruel, Paris bookbinder and seller, ca. 1850-75, rebound; "GRUEL" stamped in red capitals on front endleaf

Peter Marié, New York City, 1903, his sale, lot 567, number written in pencil on front endleaf above entry "1100 [crossed out]/ 949/ Coat arms 56 1/2"; "hgx[?]" written in pencil on top right of last endleaf

Henry Walters, Baltimore, purchased from George Richmond, New York City bookseller, between 1903 and 1931

Acquisition

Walters Art Museum, 1931, by Henry Walters' bequest

<< return to search Prayer Book (fragment) W.425

Origin Place

Brussels (?)

Date

Ca. 1520-30 CE

Form

book

Language

The primary language in this manuscript is Latin.

Provenance

Created ca. 1520-30 by workshop influenced by the Master of Charles V in Brussels

Inscription in lower margins on fols. 47v

Léon Gruel, Paris bookbinder and seller, ca. 1850-75, rebound; "GRUEL" stamped in red capitals on front endleaf

Peter Marié, New York City, 1903, his sale, lot 567, number written in pencil on front endleaf above entry "1100 [crossed out]/ 949/ Coat arms 56 1/2"; "hgx[?]" written in pencil on top right of last endleaf

Henry Walters, Baltimore, purchased from George Richmond, New York City bookseller, between 1903 and 1931

Acquisition

Walters Art Museum, 1931, by Henry Walters' bequest

Manuscript Overview

Abstract

This Prayer Book was created ca. 1520-30, likely in Brussels, in the style of the Master of Charles V. It consists entirely of single folios that were added in or moved around in the book, rendering collation unfeasible. Many of intricate and high-quality miniatures were reproduced through chromolithography by Léon Gruel in his Petites Heures, published in Paris in 1875. The calendar is especially charming and features seasonally relevant illustrations, such as children having a snowball fight in December. The suffrages contain detailed and illusionistic figures, including one for St. Elizabeth of Hungary. The contents of the calendar suggest a Franciscan affinity.

Hand note

Written in littera gotica rotunda

Decoration Note

Twenty-one extant miniatures (fourteen full-page miniatures, seven large miniatures, all misbound singletons); twenty-four calendar illustrations, each with zodiac symbol in roundel; decorated initials at text openings opposite full-page miniatures (4 lines), at text openings opposite large miniatures (3 lines), at secondary text divisions and "K L" in calendar (2 lines), and at versals and dominical letters "A" in calendar (1 line); rubrics in red; text in brown and black ink

References

Contributors

Principal cataloger: Randall, Lilian M.C.

Cataloger: Ransom, Allison

Editor: Herbert, Lynley

Copy editor: Wallace, Susan

Contributor: Brown, Emily

Contributor: Emery, Doug

Contributor: Noel, William

Contributor: Schuele, Allyson

Contributor: Shartrand, Emily

Contributor: Tabritha, Ariel

Contributor: Toth, Michael B.

Contributor: Wiegand, Kimber

Conservator: Owen, Linda

Conservator: Quandt, Abigail

Bibliography

De Ricci, Seymour, and W. J. Wilson. Census of Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the United States and Canada. Vol. 1. New York: H. W. Wilson Company, 1935; p. 807, cat. no. 313.


Marrow, James H. "Book of Hours: In Latin (with some marginal inscriptions in Dutch), Southern Netherlands, 1544, NYPL MA 60." In The Splendor of the Word: Medieval and Renaissance Illuminated Manuscripts at the New York Public Library. Edited by Lucy Freeman Sandler, James H. Marrow, and Jonathan J. G. Alexander. Harvey Miller Publishers, 2005: 301-4; p. 304, ref. under cat. no. 67.


Diringer, David. The Illuminated Book: Its History and Production. Revised edition. NY: Philosophical Library, 1967; p. 452, Pl. vii-33.


Verdier, Philippe. Catalogue of the Painted Enamels of the Renaissance at the Walters Art Gallery. Baltimore: Trustees of the Walters Art Gallery, 1967; cat. no. 206, illus. (lower cover).


Fox, Sally. The Medieval Woman: An Illuminated Book of Days. Boston: Bullfinch, 1985; illus. (f. 4).


Owens, M. B. "Musical Subjects in the Illumination of Books of Hours from Fifteenth-Century France and Flanders." Ph.D. diss., University of Chicago, 1987; p. 470.


Wieck, Roger S. Time Sanctified: The Book of Hours in Medieval Art and Life. Exhibition Catalogue. Baltimore, Walters Art Gallery. NY: George Braiziller, 1988; pp. 48-51, 218, cat. no. 105, fig. 15.


Collins, Marie and Virginia Davis. A Medieval Book of Seasons. London: HarperCollins, 1991; p. 131 (illus.).


Randall, Lilian M. C. Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Walters Art Gallery. Vol. 2, France, 1420-1540. Baltimore and London: Johns Hopkins University Press in association with the Walters Art Gallery, 1992; p. 444 (ref. under cat. no. 192, W. 430).


Gathercole, Patricia M. Animals in Medieval French Manuscript Illumination. Lewiston, NY: Edwin Mellen Press, 1995; p. 60.


Hindman, Sandra. "Times to Remember." Rare Book Review 34 (2006): 40-44; p. 43.


Randall, Lilian M. C. Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Walters Art Gallery. Vol. 3, Belgium, 1250-1530. Baltimore and London: Johns Hopkins University Press in association with the Walters Art Gallery, 1997; pp. 531-39, cat. no. 297.


Henisch, Bridget Ann. The Medieval Calendar Year. University Park, PA: The Pennsylvania State University Press, 1999; pp. 7 (as fig. 6-19), 66 (as fig. 3-7), 68 (fig. 3-7), 72 (as fig. 3-7), 76 (as fig. 3-7), 161 (as fig. 6-19), 162 (fig. 6-19), 163 (as fig. 6-19), 176 (as fig. 3-7).


Wieck, Roger S. "Prayer for the People: The Book of Hours." In A History of Prayer: The First to the Fifteenth Century. Edited by Roy Hammerling, 389-440. Leiden: Brill Academic Publishers, 2008; p. 423 (fig. 4).


Hammer, Gabriel. Bernhard von Clairvaux in der Buchmalerei: Darstellungen des Zisterzienserabtes in Handschriften von 1135-1630. Regensburg: Schnell und Steiner, 2009; p. 420.


Bindings & Oddities

These are pages that we pulled aside that disrupted the flow of the manuscript reader. These may be bindings, inserts, bookmarks, and various other oddities.

Upper board outside

32bookmarkv

Lower board outside

Spine

Fore-edge

Head

Tail

Keywords
Flemish
Flanders
16th century
Christian
Miniature
Devotion
Prayer book
Notable binding
Medallion
Painting
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