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Manuscript Overview
References
Bindings & Oddities

Abstract

This pocket-sized Flemish Book of Hours was likely created in Bruges ca. 1500. It contains illuminations produced by the Ghent-Bruges school stylistically associated with the Master of the Prayerbooks, who was active at that time. The manuscript still retains the original binding signed by Ludovicus Bloc, a binder documented in Bruges ca. 1484-1529. The miniatures can be compared with those in W.176 in the Walters' collection, as well as with those in a manuscript also bound by Ludovicus Bloc in the Detroit Institute of Arts (Acc. no. 63.146). The overall image cycle is closely related to that of W.427, another Flemish Book of Hours preserved at the Walters Art Museum.

Hand note

Gotica rotunda

Decoration Note

Seventeen full-page miniatures each with foliate margins on three sides and facing opening pages of text with matching foliate margins and large initials against pink, blue, and green grounds (5-6 lines); small miniatures in the Calendar and four other small miniatures throughout the manuscript; one historiated initial (6 lines) with foliate margins above and below the textblock; smaller initials in gold against rose grounds (1-2 lines) mark secondary text divisions; rubrics and major feast days in rose; text in black ink

Contributors

Principal cataloger: Randall, Lilian M.C.

Cataloger: Valle, Chiara

Editor: Herbert, Lynley

Copy editor: Wallace, Susan

Contributor: Brown, Emily

Contributor: Emery, Doug

Contributor: Herbold, Rebekah

Contributor: Noel, William

Contributor: Schuele, Allyson

Contributor: Shartrand, Emily

Contributor: Tabritha, Ariel

Contributor: Toth, Michael B.

Contributor: Wiegand, Kimber

Conservator: Owen, Linda

Conservator: Quandt, Abigail

Bibliography

Gruel, León. Manuel historique et bibliographique de l'amateur de reliures. Vol. 1. Paris: Gruel and Engelmann, 1887; p. 56 (illus.).


Gruel, León. Collection León Gruel. Paris: Gruel and Engelmann, 1905; cat. no. 13.


De Ricci, Seymour, and W. J. Wilson. Census of Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the United States and Canada. Vol. 1. New York: H. W. Wilson Company, 1935; p. 807, cat. no. 315.


Miner, Dorothy. The Illuminated Books of the Middle Ages and Renaissance. Exhibition Catalogue, Baltimore Museum of Art, Baltimore. Baltimore: Trustees of the Walters Art Gallery, 1949; cat. no. 211.


Miner, Dorothy. The History of Bookbinding, 525-1950 A.D. Exhibition Catalogue, Walters Art Gallery, Baltimore. Baltimore: Trustees of the Walters Art Gallery, 1957; cat. no. 180.


Diringer, David. The Illuminated Book: Its History and Production. Revised edition. New York: Faber and Faber, 1967; p. 447, Pl. vii-32a.


Calkins, Robert G. A Medieval Treasury. Exhibition Catalogue for Cornell University. Ithaca: Office of University Publications of Cornell University, 1968; cat. no. 108.


Kren, Thomas. Renaissance Painting in Manuscripts: Treasures from the British Library. Exhibition Catalogue for J. Paul Getty Museum, Malibu. New York: Hudson Hills Press, 1983; p. 62.


Manion, Margaret M. and Vera F. Vines. Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in Australian Collections. Melbourne: Thames and Hudson, Ltd., 1984; p. 137.


Wolf, Horst. Kostbarkeiten flämischer Buchmalerei. Berlin: Evangelische Verlagsanstalt, 1985; Pls. 42, 45.


Owens, M. B. "Musical Subjects in the Illumination of Books of Hours from Fifteenth-Century France and Flanders." Ph.D. diss., University of Chicago, 1987; p. 472.


Shailor, Barbara A. Catalogue of Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Yale University. Binghamton, NY: State University of New York, 1987; p. 61.


Wieck, Roger S. Time Sanctified: The Book of Hours in Medieval Art and Life. Exhibition Catalogue. Walters Art Gallery, Baltimore. New York: George Braiziller, 1988; pp. 53-54, 218, cat. no. 104, fig. 24.


Brinkmann, Bodo. Die Flamische Buchmalerei Am Ende Des Burgunderreichs. Turnhout: Brepols, 1997; p. 378, Amm. 21.


Randall, Lilian M. C. Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Walters Art Gallery. Vol. 3, Belgium, 1250-1530. Baltimore and London: Johns Hopkins University Press in association with the Walters Art Gallery, 1997; pp. 474-480, cat. no. 289.


As-Vijvers, Margaret W. “More than Marginal Meaning? The interpretation of Ghent-Bruges Border Decoration.” ‪Oud-Holland‬: ‪tijdschrift voor Nederlandse kunstgeschiedenis‬ 116 (2003): 3-33; p. 30. ‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬


Marrow, James H. “Book of Hours in Latin: Flanders (Bruges), Use of Rome, ca. 1500. NYPL MA 118.” In The Splendor of the Word: Medieval and Renaissance Illuminated Manuscripts at the New York Public Library. Edited by Jonathan J. G. Alexander, James H. Marrow, and Lucy Freeman Sandler, 292-295. New York: New York Public Library, 2005; p. 295 (ref. under cat. no. 65).


These are pages that we pulled aside that disrupted the flow of the manuscript reader. These may be bindings, inserts, bookmarks, and various other oddities.

Upper board outside

Lower board outside

Spine

Fore-edge

Head

Tail

Keywords
Book of Hours
Flemish
Notable binding
Miniature
Original binding
Flanders
16th century
Devotion
Christian
15th century

Origin Place

Bruges (?), Flanders

Date

Ca. 1500 CE

Form

book

Binding

Original Binding

Binding Description

Bound by Ludovicus Bloc, documented in Bruges 1484-1529; wood boards covered by dark brown leather; sewn on four bands; blind-stamped panel on upper and lower covers with two vertical bands filled with spiraling vines forming four roundels inhabited by animals; framing fillets; bordering inscription signed Ludovicus Bloc; the inscription reads from the top and moving clockwise: "OB LAUDEM/XRISTI LIBRUM HUNC/RECTE LIGAVI/LUDOVICUS BLOC"; rebacked spine with four raised bands; modern endbands in green and pink silk; gilded edges gauffered in patterns of triple fillets; bindings signed by Ludovicus Bloc are preserved in the Detroit Institute of Arts, Acc. no. 63.146; Cambridge (England), St. John's College, Acc. no. MS I.39; The Hague, Koninklijke Bibliothek, Ms. 78 G 2; Princeton, University Library, Garrett 63; Syracuse University, George Arents Research Library, Ms. 7

Language

The primary language in this manuscript is Latin. The secondary languages of this manuscript are Italian, Spanish; Castilian.

Provenance

Created in Bruges ca. 1500, based on style of miniatures and dates binder was active; possibly created for female suppliant referred to in devotional sequence on fols. 199r-210v; initials "AI"

Early owner inscribed date "1582" in plaque above cross on fol. 18r

Léon Gruel collection, Paris bookbinder and book dealer, by 1900; bookplate engraved "G&E"

Henry Walters, Baltimore, purchased from Gruel after 1905

Acquisition

Walters Art Museum, 1931, by Henry Walters' bequest

<< return to search Book of Hours W.428

Origin Place

Bruges (?), Flanders

Date

Ca. 1500 CE

Form

book

Language

The primary language in this manuscript is Latin. The secondary languages of this manuscript are Italian, Spanish; Castilian.

Provenance

Created in Bruges ca. 1500, based on style of miniatures and dates binder was active; possibly created for female suppliant referred to in devotional sequence on fols. 199r-210v; initials "AI"

Early owner inscribed date "1582" in plaque above cross on fol. 18r

Léon Gruel collection, Paris bookbinder and book dealer, by 1900; bookplate engraved "G&E"

Henry Walters, Baltimore, purchased from Gruel after 1905

Acquisition

Walters Art Museum, 1931, by Henry Walters' bequest

Manuscript Overview

Abstract

This pocket-sized Flemish Book of Hours was likely created in Bruges ca. 1500. It contains illuminations produced by the Ghent-Bruges school stylistically associated with the Master of the Prayerbooks, who was active at that time. The manuscript still retains the original binding signed by Ludovicus Bloc, a binder documented in Bruges ca. 1484-1529. The miniatures can be compared with those in W.176 in the Walters' collection, as well as with those in a manuscript also bound by Ludovicus Bloc in the Detroit Institute of Arts (Acc. no. 63.146). The overall image cycle is closely related to that of W.427, another Flemish Book of Hours preserved at the Walters Art Museum.

Hand note

Gotica rotunda

Decoration Note

Seventeen full-page miniatures each with foliate margins on three sides and facing opening pages of text with matching foliate margins and large initials against pink, blue, and green grounds (5-6 lines); small miniatures in the Calendar and four other small miniatures throughout the manuscript; one historiated initial (6 lines) with foliate margins above and below the textblock; smaller initials in gold against rose grounds (1-2 lines) mark secondary text divisions; rubrics and major feast days in rose; text in black ink

References

Contributors

Principal cataloger: Randall, Lilian M.C.

Cataloger: Valle, Chiara

Editor: Herbert, Lynley

Copy editor: Wallace, Susan

Contributor: Brown, Emily

Contributor: Emery, Doug

Contributor: Herbold, Rebekah

Contributor: Noel, William

Contributor: Schuele, Allyson

Contributor: Shartrand, Emily

Contributor: Tabritha, Ariel

Contributor: Toth, Michael B.

Contributor: Wiegand, Kimber

Conservator: Owen, Linda

Conservator: Quandt, Abigail

Bibliography

Gruel, León. Manuel historique et bibliographique de l'amateur de reliures. Vol. 1. Paris: Gruel and Engelmann, 1887; p. 56 (illus.).


Gruel, León. Collection León Gruel. Paris: Gruel and Engelmann, 1905; cat. no. 13.


De Ricci, Seymour, and W. J. Wilson. Census of Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the United States and Canada. Vol. 1. New York: H. W. Wilson Company, 1935; p. 807, cat. no. 315.


Miner, Dorothy. The Illuminated Books of the Middle Ages and Renaissance. Exhibition Catalogue, Baltimore Museum of Art, Baltimore. Baltimore: Trustees of the Walters Art Gallery, 1949; cat. no. 211.


Miner, Dorothy. The History of Bookbinding, 525-1950 A.D. Exhibition Catalogue, Walters Art Gallery, Baltimore. Baltimore: Trustees of the Walters Art Gallery, 1957; cat. no. 180.


Diringer, David. The Illuminated Book: Its History and Production. Revised edition. New York: Faber and Faber, 1967; p. 447, Pl. vii-32a.


Calkins, Robert G. A Medieval Treasury. Exhibition Catalogue for Cornell University. Ithaca: Office of University Publications of Cornell University, 1968; cat. no. 108.


Kren, Thomas. Renaissance Painting in Manuscripts: Treasures from the British Library. Exhibition Catalogue for J. Paul Getty Museum, Malibu. New York: Hudson Hills Press, 1983; p. 62.


Manion, Margaret M. and Vera F. Vines. Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in Australian Collections. Melbourne: Thames and Hudson, Ltd., 1984; p. 137.


Wolf, Horst. Kostbarkeiten flämischer Buchmalerei. Berlin: Evangelische Verlagsanstalt, 1985; Pls. 42, 45.


Owens, M. B. "Musical Subjects in the Illumination of Books of Hours from Fifteenth-Century France and Flanders." Ph.D. diss., University of Chicago, 1987; p. 472.


Shailor, Barbara A. Catalogue of Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Yale University. Binghamton, NY: State University of New York, 1987; p. 61.


Wieck, Roger S. Time Sanctified: The Book of Hours in Medieval Art and Life. Exhibition Catalogue. Walters Art Gallery, Baltimore. New York: George Braiziller, 1988; pp. 53-54, 218, cat. no. 104, fig. 24.


Brinkmann, Bodo. Die Flamische Buchmalerei Am Ende Des Burgunderreichs. Turnhout: Brepols, 1997; p. 378, Amm. 21.


Randall, Lilian M. C. Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Walters Art Gallery. Vol. 3, Belgium, 1250-1530. Baltimore and London: Johns Hopkins University Press in association with the Walters Art Gallery, 1997; pp. 474-480, cat. no. 289.


As-Vijvers, Margaret W. “More than Marginal Meaning? The interpretation of Ghent-Bruges Border Decoration.” ‪Oud-Holland‬: ‪tijdschrift voor Nederlandse kunstgeschiedenis‬ 116 (2003): 3-33; p. 30. ‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬


Marrow, James H. “Book of Hours in Latin: Flanders (Bruges), Use of Rome, ca. 1500. NYPL MA 118.” In The Splendor of the Word: Medieval and Renaissance Illuminated Manuscripts at the New York Public Library. Edited by Jonathan J. G. Alexander, James H. Marrow, and Lucy Freeman Sandler, 292-295. New York: New York Public Library, 2005; p. 295 (ref. under cat. no. 65).


Bindings & Oddities

These are pages that we pulled aside that disrupted the flow of the manuscript reader. These may be bindings, inserts, bookmarks, and various other oddities.

Upper board outside

Lower board outside

Spine

Fore-edge

Head

Tail

Keywords
Book of Hours
Flemish
Notable binding
Miniature
Original binding
Flanders
16th century
Devotion
Christian
15th century
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