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<< return to search Gospels of Abbot Duden W.5
Manuscript Overview
References
Bindings & Oddities

Abstract

This small Gospel Book was made in Werden, Germany, in the eleventh century. Its size indicates that it was intended for daily, personal use, and a series of ownership inscriptions on the first folio, which trace the ownership of the manuscript among several members of the clergy, provides insight into its use. Although the book contains little decoration, with no canon tables or ornamental initials, the Gospels are introduced by three brown- and red-ink pen drawings of the Evangelists, two of which were embedded into the end of the previous Gospel by the artist. The manuscript is, however, incomplete and lacks the end of Matthew as well as the portrait of Mark, which was likely incorporated into Matthew's explicit page, as was done with the other portraits.

Text Note

Incomplete; Matthew's Gospel lacks 28:12 to end; no canon tables or prefatory matter

Hand note

Late Caroline minuscule; two scribes evident, second responsible for fols. 150r-166v

Decoration Note

Three pen-drawn Evangelist portraits in brown and red ink; enlarged red initials throughout (2-6 lines); incipits in red or brown with red-filled letters; brown-and-red combined pen trails descending vertically from bottom line of text on a number of folios; headings above Gospel texts in red; Gospel text in brown ink

Contributors

Cataloger: Dutschke, Consuelo

Cataloger: Herbert, Lynley

Cataloger: Noel, William

Cataloger: Sciacca, Christine

Cataloger: Valle, Chiara

Editor: Herbert, Lynley

Copy editor: Dibble, Charles

Contributor: Bockrath, Diane

Contributor: Davis, Lisa Fagin

Contributor: Emery, Doug

Contributor: Klemm, Elizabeth

Contributor: Noel, William

Contributor: Tabritha, Ariel

Contributor: Toth, Michael B.

Conservator: Owen, Linda

Conservator: Quandt, Abigail

Bibliography

De Ricci, Seymour. Census of Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the United States and Canada. Vol. 1. New York: H. W. Wilson Company, 1935, p. 767, no. 63.


Baltimore Museum of Art. The Greek Tradition in Painting and the Minor Arts: An Exhibition Sponsored Jointly by the Baltimore Museum of Art and the Walters Art Gallery from May 15 through June 25, 1939. Baltimore Museum of Art, 1939, p. 75, no. 87.


"Bulletin Codicologique." Scriptorium 22 (1968): pp. 118-119, no. 152.


Elbern, Victor. "Eine frühmittelalterliche Handschrift aus Werden in Baltimore." Aachener Kunstblätter 39 (1969): pp. 92-110.


"Bulletin Codicologique." Scriptorium 26 (1972): pp. 130-246, no. 177.


Kahsnitz, Rainer. Der Werdener Psalter in Berlin: Ms. theol. lat. fol. 358: Eine Untersuchung zu Problemen mittelalterlicher Psalterillustration. Düsseldorf: Schwann, 1979, pp. 36-37, 252, figs. 375, 376.


Hoffmann, Hartmut. "Buchkunst und Königstum im Ottonischen und Frühsalischen Reich." Schriften der Monumenta Germaniae Historica, 30, no. 1. Stuttgart: A. Hiersemann, 1986, p. 101, n. 20.


Gerchow, Jan. Das Jahrtausend der Mönche: Kloster Welt Werden, 799-1803. Cologne: Wienand, 1999, p. 362, no. 60 (fol. 2v).


These are pages that we pulled aside that disrupted the flow of the manuscript reader. These may be bindings, inserts, bookmarks, and various other oddities.

Upper board outside

fol. 64bookmarkr

Lower board outside

Spine

Fore-edge

Head

Tail

Keywords
Christian
Scripture
German
Gospels
White-vine lettering
Germany
Miniature
11th century
Literature -- Poetry
Liturgy

Origin Place

Werden, Germany

Date

11th century CE

Form

book

Binding

Non-original Binding

Binding Description

Red velvet over cardboard, gilded edges; bound by Léon Gruel, Paris, late nineteenth century

Language

The primary language in this manuscript is Latin.

Provenance

Werden, Germany, early eleventh century

Abbot Duden, St. Liudger, Helmstadt, ca. 1573, inscription fol. 1r

Stephanus Campmann, Benedictine Abbey, Werden, 1597; a German inscription on fol. 1r identifies Stephanus Campmann of Büderich

Prior Heinrich Meibom, St. Liudger, Helmstadt, before 1625; a second German inscription on fol. 1r states that Stephanus Campmann gave the manuscript to Heinrich Meibom through Prior Heinrich of St. Liudger

Gruel and Engelmann collection no. 64, Paris, late nineteenth century

Henry Walters, Baltimore, acquired from Léon Gruel before 1931

Acquisition

Walters Art Museum, 1931, by Henry Walters' bequest

<< return to search Gospels of Abbot Duden W.5

Origin Place

Werden, Germany

Date

11th century CE

Form

book

Language

The primary language in this manuscript is Latin.

Provenance

Werden, Germany, early eleventh century

Abbot Duden, St. Liudger, Helmstadt, ca. 1573, inscription fol. 1r

Stephanus Campmann, Benedictine Abbey, Werden, 1597; a German inscription on fol. 1r identifies Stephanus Campmann of Büderich

Prior Heinrich Meibom, St. Liudger, Helmstadt, before 1625; a second German inscription on fol. 1r states that Stephanus Campmann gave the manuscript to Heinrich Meibom through Prior Heinrich of St. Liudger

Gruel and Engelmann collection no. 64, Paris, late nineteenth century

Henry Walters, Baltimore, acquired from Léon Gruel before 1931

Acquisition

Walters Art Museum, 1931, by Henry Walters' bequest

Manuscript Overview

Abstract

This small Gospel Book was made in Werden, Germany, in the eleventh century. Its size indicates that it was intended for daily, personal use, and a series of ownership inscriptions on the first folio, which trace the ownership of the manuscript among several members of the clergy, provides insight into its use. Although the book contains little decoration, with no canon tables or ornamental initials, the Gospels are introduced by three brown- and red-ink pen drawings of the Evangelists, two of which were embedded into the end of the previous Gospel by the artist. The manuscript is, however, incomplete and lacks the end of Matthew as well as the portrait of Mark, which was likely incorporated into Matthew's explicit page, as was done with the other portraits.

Text Note

Incomplete; Matthew's Gospel lacks 28:12 to end; no canon tables or prefatory matter

Hand note

Late Caroline minuscule; two scribes evident, second responsible for fols. 150r-166v

Decoration Note

Three pen-drawn Evangelist portraits in brown and red ink; enlarged red initials throughout (2-6 lines); incipits in red or brown with red-filled letters; brown-and-red combined pen trails descending vertically from bottom line of text on a number of folios; headings above Gospel texts in red; Gospel text in brown ink

References

Contributors

Cataloger: Dutschke, Consuelo

Cataloger: Herbert, Lynley

Cataloger: Noel, William

Cataloger: Sciacca, Christine

Cataloger: Valle, Chiara

Editor: Herbert, Lynley

Copy editor: Dibble, Charles

Contributor: Bockrath, Diane

Contributor: Davis, Lisa Fagin

Contributor: Emery, Doug

Contributor: Klemm, Elizabeth

Contributor: Noel, William

Contributor: Tabritha, Ariel

Contributor: Toth, Michael B.

Conservator: Owen, Linda

Conservator: Quandt, Abigail

Bibliography

De Ricci, Seymour. Census of Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the United States and Canada. Vol. 1. New York: H. W. Wilson Company, 1935, p. 767, no. 63.


Baltimore Museum of Art. The Greek Tradition in Painting and the Minor Arts: An Exhibition Sponsored Jointly by the Baltimore Museum of Art and the Walters Art Gallery from May 15 through June 25, 1939. Baltimore Museum of Art, 1939, p. 75, no. 87.


"Bulletin Codicologique." Scriptorium 22 (1968): pp. 118-119, no. 152.


Elbern, Victor. "Eine frühmittelalterliche Handschrift aus Werden in Baltimore." Aachener Kunstblätter 39 (1969): pp. 92-110.


"Bulletin Codicologique." Scriptorium 26 (1972): pp. 130-246, no. 177.


Kahsnitz, Rainer. Der Werdener Psalter in Berlin: Ms. theol. lat. fol. 358: Eine Untersuchung zu Problemen mittelalterlicher Psalterillustration. Düsseldorf: Schwann, 1979, pp. 36-37, 252, figs. 375, 376.


Hoffmann, Hartmut. "Buchkunst und Königstum im Ottonischen und Frühsalischen Reich." Schriften der Monumenta Germaniae Historica, 30, no. 1. Stuttgart: A. Hiersemann, 1986, p. 101, n. 20.


Gerchow, Jan. Das Jahrtausend der Mönche: Kloster Welt Werden, 799-1803. Cologne: Wienand, 1999, p. 362, no. 60 (fol. 2v).


Bindings & Oddities

These are pages that we pulled aside that disrupted the flow of the manuscript reader. These may be bindings, inserts, bookmarks, and various other oddities.

Upper board outside

fol. 64bookmarkr

Lower board outside

Spine

Fore-edge

Head

Tail

Keywords
Christian
Scripture
German
Gospels
White-vine lettering
Germany
Miniature
11th century
Literature -- Poetry
Liturgy
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