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← search Anaphora of Mary (Mass book) W.829
Manuscript Overview
References
Bindings & Oddities

Abstract

This mass book, containing one of about twenty anaphoras of the Church, was made for Wäldä Mädḫǝn between 1929 and 1942 (that is, when Yoḥannǝs or John was Patriarch of Alexandris, 1928-1942, and Qerǝlos or Cyril was the metropolitan of Ethiopia, 1929-1950). It was written by the scribe Wändǝmmu Gashaw (whose baptismal name was Gäbra Maryam) of Däbrä Libanos monastery, just north of Addis Ababba, Ethiopia. Written in Gǝ‛ǝz, the traditional liturgical language of the Ethiopian Orthodox Church, the manuscript contains the Anaphora of Mary ascribed to Cyriacus, bishop of the city of Bahnasa, in Upper Egypt. There is a richly colored image of the Virgin and Child on the blank folio before the text, and the manuscript ends with a depiction of St. Michael conquering the Devil. Both illuminations were painted on reused text pages, which were added much later to give value to the manuscript. The late date of this work is a testimony to the remarkable continuation of the medieval manuscript tradition into the modern era in Ethiopia.

Text Note

The main text is the Anaphora of Mary (ቅዳሴ፡ ማርያም።, or Qǝddase Maryam); the writing on the flyleaves is the standard beginning of an Amharic application letter, repeatedly copied in different lengths

Decoration Note

Two full-page miniatures; Virgin and Child begins text (fol. 1v) and St. Michael standing on the Devil ends text (fol. 36r); images appear to be painted over text pages; green, red, yellow, and blue paint used in solid planes of color with details picked out in black and white paint; rubrics in red; text in black ink

Contributors

Principal cataloger: Getatchew Haile, .

Cataloger: Herbert, Lynley

Contributor: Bockrath, Diane

Contributor: Emery, Doug

Contributor: Isaac, Ephraim

Contributor: Noel, William

Contributor: Pizzinato, Riccardo

Contributor: Tabritha, Ariel

Contributor: Toth, Michael B.

Conservator: Owen, Linda

Conservator: Quandt, Abigail

Bibliography

መጽሐፈ፡ ቅዳሴ። በግዕዝና፡ በአማርኛ። አዲስ፡ አበባ፡ ፲፱፻፶፩፡ ዓመተ፡ ምሕረት። (Mäṣḥafä Qǝddase. bä-Gǝ‘ǝz-ǝnna bä-Amarǝñña. Addis Ababa, 1951 EC. = 1958/9 AD.), pp.107-126. See this for Anaphora of Mary.


Daoud, Marcos, and Marsie Hazen. The Liturgy of the Ethiopian Church. Cairo: The Egyptian Book Press, 1959, pp. 130-152. See this for Anaphora of Mary.


Haile, Getatchew. "On the Identity of Silondis and the Composition of the Anaphora of Mary ascribed to Hǝrǝyaqos of Bǝhǝnsa," Orientalia Christiana Periodica, vol. 49 (1983), pp. 366-389. See this for Anaphora of Mary.


Böll, Verena. 'Unsere Herrin Maria.' Die traditionelle äthiopische Exegese der Marienanaphora des Cyriacus von Behnesa. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 1998. See this for Anaphora of Mary.


These are pages that we pulled aside that disrupted the flow of the manuscript reader. These may be bindings, inserts, bookmarks, and various other oddities.

Upper board outside

Lower board outside

Spine

Fore-edge

Head

Tail

Keywords
Christian
Miniature
Painting
Liturgy
Ethiopia
Ethiopian
Original binding
20th century
Mass book

Origin Place

North of Addis Ababba, Ethiopia

Date

Second quarter of the 20th century

Form

book

Binding

Original Binding

Binding Description

Blind-tooled red goatskin

Language

The primary language in this manuscript is Geez.

Provenance

Copied by Wändǝmmu Gashaw

Daniel M. Friedenberg, New York, purchased in Addis Ababba, Ethiopia, in 1952; ex libris on flyleaf i, v

Acquisition

Gift of Mr. Daniel M. Friedenberg, New York

← search Anaphora of Mary (Mass book) W.829

Origin Place

North of Addis Ababba, Ethiopia

Date

Second quarter of the 20th century

Form

book

Language

The primary language in this manuscript is Geez.

Provenance

Copied by Wändǝmmu Gashaw

Daniel M. Friedenberg, New York, purchased in Addis Ababba, Ethiopia, in 1952; ex libris on flyleaf i, v

Acquisition

Gift of Mr. Daniel M. Friedenberg, New York

Manuscript Overview

Abstract

This mass book, containing one of about twenty anaphoras of the Church, was made for Wäldä Mädḫǝn between 1929 and 1942 (that is, when Yoḥannǝs or John was Patriarch of Alexandris, 1928-1942, and Qerǝlos or Cyril was the metropolitan of Ethiopia, 1929-1950). It was written by the scribe Wändǝmmu Gashaw (whose baptismal name was Gäbra Maryam) of Däbrä Libanos monastery, just north of Addis Ababba, Ethiopia. Written in Gǝ‛ǝz, the traditional liturgical language of the Ethiopian Orthodox Church, the manuscript contains the Anaphora of Mary ascribed to Cyriacus, bishop of the city of Bahnasa, in Upper Egypt. There is a richly colored image of the Virgin and Child on the blank folio before the text, and the manuscript ends with a depiction of St. Michael conquering the Devil. Both illuminations were painted on reused text pages, which were added much later to give value to the manuscript. The late date of this work is a testimony to the remarkable continuation of the medieval manuscript tradition into the modern era in Ethiopia.

Text Note

The main text is the Anaphora of Mary (ቅዳሴ፡ ማርያም።, or Qǝddase Maryam); the writing on the flyleaves is the standard beginning of an Amharic application letter, repeatedly copied in different lengths

Decoration Note

Two full-page miniatures; Virgin and Child begins text (fol. 1v) and St. Michael standing on the Devil ends text (fol. 36r); images appear to be painted over text pages; green, red, yellow, and blue paint used in solid planes of color with details picked out in black and white paint; rubrics in red; text in black ink

References

Contributors

Principal cataloger: Getatchew Haile, .

Cataloger: Herbert, Lynley

Contributor: Bockrath, Diane

Contributor: Emery, Doug

Contributor: Isaac, Ephraim

Contributor: Noel, William

Contributor: Pizzinato, Riccardo

Contributor: Tabritha, Ariel

Contributor: Toth, Michael B.

Conservator: Owen, Linda

Conservator: Quandt, Abigail

Bibliography

መጽሐፈ፡ ቅዳሴ። በግዕዝና፡ በአማርኛ። አዲስ፡ አበባ፡ ፲፱፻፶፩፡ ዓመተ፡ ምሕረት። (Mäṣḥafä Qǝddase. bä-Gǝ‘ǝz-ǝnna bä-Amarǝñña. Addis Ababa, 1951 EC. = 1958/9 AD.), pp.107-126. See this for Anaphora of Mary.


Daoud, Marcos, and Marsie Hazen. The Liturgy of the Ethiopian Church. Cairo: The Egyptian Book Press, 1959, pp. 130-152. See this for Anaphora of Mary.


Haile, Getatchew. "On the Identity of Silondis and the Composition of the Anaphora of Mary ascribed to Hǝrǝyaqos of Bǝhǝnsa," Orientalia Christiana Periodica, vol. 49 (1983), pp. 366-389. See this for Anaphora of Mary.


Böll, Verena. 'Unsere Herrin Maria.' Die traditionelle äthiopische Exegese der Marienanaphora des Cyriacus von Behnesa. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 1998. See this for Anaphora of Mary.


Bindings & Oddities

These are pages that we pulled aside that disrupted the flow of the manuscript reader. These may be bindings, inserts, bookmarks, and various other oddities.

Upper board outside

Lower board outside

Spine

Fore-edge

Head

Tail

Keywords
Christian
Miniature
Painting
Liturgy
Ethiopia
Ethiopian
Original binding
20th century
Mass book
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