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<< return to search Clothilde Missal W.934
Manuscript Overview
References
Bindings & Oddities

Abstract

Clothilde Coulaux, a young French woman living in German-occupied Alsace, created this manuscript in 1906, as described in a colophon accompanying her charming self-portrait on p. 173. All 174 pages are illuminated with a rich variety of imagery, including scenes of everyday life, music, feasting, courtship and child rearing, warfare, and regional architecture, combined with more traditional religious imagery. The latter often draw upon prints by Albrecht Dürer, Hans Holbein, and other early masters, as well as stained glass, sculpture, and liturgical instruments. Much of the other imagery, however, is uniquely her own. Paintings of her cat looking out a window, or of couples drinking together, add touches of whimsy and humor. Other images are more sobering, such as those of Habsburg eagles and Joan of Arc, and taken together with her choice to write in French while under German rule, suggest a struggle to define her national identity.

Text Note

Roman Missal including the Ordinary of the Mass, with the Canon, Proper Masses for important feasts, a Marriage Mass, the service for Vespers, and prayers honoring the Holy Sacrament and the Virgin Mary

Hand note

Stylized script modeled after cursive gothic book hand

Decoration Note

All 174 pages are illustrated in ink, watercolor, gold, and silver; twenty-eight full-page miniatures and over 20 large miniatures, with marginalia, grotesques, historiated and inhabited initials; devotional subject matter heavily focused on the Virgin and Child; other imagery includes Alsatian architecture, medieval-style scenes of daily life, courtship, child rearing, warfare, memento mori themes, and textile creation; red and blue line fillers; rubrics in red; text in black ink

Contributors

artist: Clothilde Coulaux

Principal cataloger: Herbert, Lynley

Cataloger: Herbert, Lynley

Editor: Herbert, Lynley

Copy editor: Dibble, Charles

Contributor: Herbert, Lynley

Contributor: Tabritha, Ariel

Contributor: Wiegand, Kimber

Conservator: Polidori, Elisabetta

Conservator: Quandt, Abigail

Bibliography

Coomans, Thomas, and Jan De Maeyer, eds. The Revival of Medieval Illumination: Nineteenth-century Belgium Manuscripts and Illuminations from a European Perspective (Renaissance de l'enluminure médiévale: manuscrits et enluminures belges du XIXe siècle et leur contexte européen). Louvain, 2007.


These are pages that we pulled aside that disrupted the flow of the manuscript reader. These may be bindings, inserts, bookmarks, and various other oddities.

Upper board outside

Lower board outside

Spine

Fore-edge

Head

Tail

Keywords
Missal
Christian
French
Colophon
Drawing
Illustration
Medallion
Miniature
Original binding
Ornament
Painting
France
20th century
Devotion
German
Heraldry
Historiated initial
Inhabited initial
Germany

Origin Place

Molsheim, France

Date

Dated June 29, 1906

Form

book

Binding

Original Binding

Binding Description

Contemporary binding of mottled tooled leather with silk doublures, gilt edges

Language

The primary language in this manuscript is French. The secondary language of this manuscript is Latin.

Provenance

Written and illustrated by Clothilde Coulaux in Molsheim, France

Acquired by Dorine van Heerdt tot Eversberg, Fine Medieval Books, Amsterdam, before 2007

Maggs Bros., Ltd., London, 2014

Les Enluminures, New York and Chicago, 2014-2015

Acquisition

Museum purchase with funds provided by the W. Alton Jones Foundation Acquisition Fund, 2016

<< return to search Clothilde Missal W.934

Origin Place

Molsheim, France

Date

Dated June 29, 1906

Form

book

Language

The primary language in this manuscript is French. The secondary language of this manuscript is Latin.

Provenance

Written and illustrated by Clothilde Coulaux in Molsheim, France

Acquired by Dorine van Heerdt tot Eversberg, Fine Medieval Books, Amsterdam, before 2007

Maggs Bros., Ltd., London, 2014

Les Enluminures, New York and Chicago, 2014-2015

Acquisition

Museum purchase with funds provided by the W. Alton Jones Foundation Acquisition Fund, 2016

Manuscript Overview

Abstract

Clothilde Coulaux, a young French woman living in German-occupied Alsace, created this manuscript in 1906, as described in a colophon accompanying her charming self-portrait on p. 173. All 174 pages are illuminated with a rich variety of imagery, including scenes of everyday life, music, feasting, courtship and child rearing, warfare, and regional architecture, combined with more traditional religious imagery. The latter often draw upon prints by Albrecht Dürer, Hans Holbein, and other early masters, as well as stained glass, sculpture, and liturgical instruments. Much of the other imagery, however, is uniquely her own. Paintings of her cat looking out a window, or of couples drinking together, add touches of whimsy and humor. Other images are more sobering, such as those of Habsburg eagles and Joan of Arc, and taken together with her choice to write in French while under German rule, suggest a struggle to define her national identity.

Text Note

Roman Missal including the Ordinary of the Mass, with the Canon, Proper Masses for important feasts, a Marriage Mass, the service for Vespers, and prayers honoring the Holy Sacrament and the Virgin Mary

Hand note

Stylized script modeled after cursive gothic book hand

Decoration Note

All 174 pages are illustrated in ink, watercolor, gold, and silver; twenty-eight full-page miniatures and over 20 large miniatures, with marginalia, grotesques, historiated and inhabited initials; devotional subject matter heavily focused on the Virgin and Child; other imagery includes Alsatian architecture, medieval-style scenes of daily life, courtship, child rearing, warfare, memento mori themes, and textile creation; red and blue line fillers; rubrics in red; text in black ink

References

Contributors

artist: Clothilde Coulaux

Principal cataloger: Herbert, Lynley

Cataloger: Herbert, Lynley

Editor: Herbert, Lynley

Copy editor: Dibble, Charles

Contributor: Herbert, Lynley

Contributor: Tabritha, Ariel

Contributor: Wiegand, Kimber

Conservator: Polidori, Elisabetta

Conservator: Quandt, Abigail

Bibliography

Coomans, Thomas, and Jan De Maeyer, eds. The Revival of Medieval Illumination: Nineteenth-century Belgium Manuscripts and Illuminations from a European Perspective (Renaissance de l'enluminure médiévale: manuscrits et enluminures belges du XIXe siècle et leur contexte européen). Louvain, 2007.


Bindings & Oddities

These are pages that we pulled aside that disrupted the flow of the manuscript reader. These may be bindings, inserts, bookmarks, and various other oddities.

Upper board outside

Lower board outside

Spine

Fore-edge

Head

Tail

Keywords
Missal
Christian
French
Colophon
Drawing
Illustration
Medallion
Miniature
Original binding
Ornament
Painting
France
20th century
Devotion
German
Heraldry
Historiated initial
Inhabited initial
Germany
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