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← search Gospel Book W.1
Manuscript Overview
References
Bindings & Oddities

Abstract

Completed in Brittany in the early tenth century, this Gospel Book features three full-page miniatures and four large decorated initials. Reliance on a Carolingian model influenced by the Tours school of illumination is shown in the poses of the three extant evangelist portraits. Jonathan Alexander has suggested significant similarities between four other Gospel Books and W.1, all completed between the late ninth century and early tenth century (see Alexander, 1986). One Gospel Book in particular, Alençon 84, appears to have been produced in the same scriptorium as W.1, possibly by the same artists.

Text Note

Ammonian section numbers present in margins; occasional letters and symbols in margins, added early; brief imprecations in Latin, in margins, added intermittently; nineteenth-century marginal notations added in French clarifying sequence of misbound text

Hand note

Written in Carolingian miniscule

Decoration Note

Three extant full-page Evangelist portraits (lacking portrait of Matthew), four large decorated initials

Contributors

Principal cataloger: Randall, Lilian M.C.

Cataloger: Herbold, Rebekah

Editor: Herbert, Lynley

Contributor: Emery, Doug

Contributor: Herbold, Rebekah

Contributor: Tabritha, Ariel

Contributor: Wiegand, Kimber

Conservator: Quandt, Abigail

Bibliography

De Ricci, Seymour, and W. J. Wilson. Census of Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the United States and Canada. Vol. 1. New York: H. W. Wilson Company, 1935; p. 767, cat. no. 61.


L.M. Micheli, L'enluminure du haut moyen âge et les influences irlandais. (Brussels, 1939), p. 99


F. Wormald, An Early Breton Gospel-Book: A Ninth-Century Manuscript from the Collection of H.L. Bradfer-Lawrence (1887-1965), ed. J.J.G. Alexander (Cambridge, Roxburghe Club, 1977), pp. 15-22, passim


J.J.G. Alexander, "La résistance à la domination culturelle carolingienne dans l'art breton du IXe siècle: Le témoignage de l'enluminure des manuscrits," Landévennec et le monachisme breton dans le haut moyen âge. Actes du colloque du 15th centenaire de l'abbaye de Landévennec, 25-26-27 April 1985 (Bannalec, 1986), pp. 270-271, Fig. 3 (fol. 124v)


J.L. Deuffic, "La production manuscrite des scriptoria bretons," ibid., p. 294


These are pages that we pulled aside that disrupted the flow of the manuscript reader. These may be bindings, inserts, bookmarks, and various other oddities.

Upper board outside

Lower board outside

Spine

Fore-edge

Head

Tail

Keywords
Gospel Book
French
Caroline minuscule
Miniature
Flanders
France
10th century
Devotion
Christian
Painting
Liturgy

Origin Place

Brittany

Date

Ca. 900-25 CE

Form

book

Binding

Non-original Binding

Binding Description

Modern vellum, New York: Macdonald, 1949; replacing green calf binding applied in Limoges, ca. nineteenth century

Language

The primary language in this manuscript is Latin.

Provenance

Created ca. 900-925 in Brittany

Malevergne de Lafaye, 1838, notary in Limoges; his ownership entry recording purchase of codex for 50 francs on March 20, 1838

Léon or Paul Gruel, Paris, ca. late eighteenth century or early nineteenth century; firm's sale slip numbered "1304" in file

Henry Walters, Baltimore, purchased from Gruel before 1931

Acquisition

Walters Art Museum, 1931, by Henry Walters' bequest

← search Gospel Book W.1

Origin Place

Brittany

Date

Ca. 900-25 CE

Form

book

Language

The primary language in this manuscript is Latin.

Provenance

Created ca. 900-925 in Brittany

Malevergne de Lafaye, 1838, notary in Limoges; his ownership entry recording purchase of codex for 50 francs on March 20, 1838

Léon or Paul Gruel, Paris, ca. late eighteenth century or early nineteenth century; firm's sale slip numbered "1304" in file

Henry Walters, Baltimore, purchased from Gruel before 1931

Acquisition

Walters Art Museum, 1931, by Henry Walters' bequest

Manuscript Overview

Abstract

Completed in Brittany in the early tenth century, this Gospel Book features three full-page miniatures and four large decorated initials. Reliance on a Carolingian model influenced by the Tours school of illumination is shown in the poses of the three extant evangelist portraits. Jonathan Alexander has suggested significant similarities between four other Gospel Books and W.1, all completed between the late ninth century and early tenth century (see Alexander, 1986). One Gospel Book in particular, Alençon 84, appears to have been produced in the same scriptorium as W.1, possibly by the same artists.

Text Note

Ammonian section numbers present in margins; occasional letters and symbols in margins, added early; brief imprecations in Latin, in margins, added intermittently; nineteenth-century marginal notations added in French clarifying sequence of misbound text

Hand note

Written in Carolingian miniscule

Decoration Note

Three extant full-page Evangelist portraits (lacking portrait of Matthew), four large decorated initials

References

Contributors

Principal cataloger: Randall, Lilian M.C.

Cataloger: Herbold, Rebekah

Editor: Herbert, Lynley

Contributor: Emery, Doug

Contributor: Herbold, Rebekah

Contributor: Tabritha, Ariel

Contributor: Wiegand, Kimber

Conservator: Quandt, Abigail

Bibliography

De Ricci, Seymour, and W. J. Wilson. Census of Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the United States and Canada. Vol. 1. New York: H. W. Wilson Company, 1935; p. 767, cat. no. 61.


L.M. Micheli, L'enluminure du haut moyen âge et les influences irlandais. (Brussels, 1939), p. 99


F. Wormald, An Early Breton Gospel-Book: A Ninth-Century Manuscript from the Collection of H.L. Bradfer-Lawrence (1887-1965), ed. J.J.G. Alexander (Cambridge, Roxburghe Club, 1977), pp. 15-22, passim


J.J.G. Alexander, "La résistance à la domination culturelle carolingienne dans l'art breton du IXe siècle: Le témoignage de l'enluminure des manuscrits," Landévennec et le monachisme breton dans le haut moyen âge. Actes du colloque du 15th centenaire de l'abbaye de Landévennec, 25-26-27 April 1985 (Bannalec, 1986), pp. 270-271, Fig. 3 (fol. 124v)


J.L. Deuffic, "La production manuscrite des scriptoria bretons," ibid., p. 294


Bindings & Oddities

These are pages that we pulled aside that disrupted the flow of the manuscript reader. These may be bindings, inserts, bookmarks, and various other oddities.

Upper board outside

Lower board outside

Spine

Fore-edge

Head

Tail

Keywords
Gospel Book
French
Caroline minuscule
Miniature
Flanders
France
10th century
Devotion
Christian
Painting
Liturgy
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