THE DIGITAL WALTERSMENU
Internet Archive BookReader Demo
triangle
← search Bible pictures by William de Brailes W.106
Manuscript Overview
References
Bindings & Oddities

Abstract

This manuscript comprises twenty-four leaves of Bible pictures by W. de Brailes, an English artist active in Oxford in the middle of the thirteenth century. Seven leaves from the same set of images are now in the Musée Marmottan in Paris. These thirty-one leaves are all that remain of an image cycle that once contained at least ninety-eight miniatures, and which was the longest cycle of Bible miniatures surviving from the thirteenth century in England. In all probability these Bible pictures were actually prefatory matter to a Psalter, now Stockholm, National Museum Ms. B.2010. De Brailes also composed and wrote the captions that accompany many of the images, a pattern of production observable in other manuscripts made by him, including London, British Library Ms. Add. 49999, a richly illuminated Book of Hours apparently intended for a female owner. W. de Brailes is one of only two English artists of the thirteenth century whose name we can associate with surviving works. Eleven manuscripts have been identified that contain miniatures in his hand. De Brailes has a quirky and chatty style and is extremely gifted at turning Bible stories into paint.

Text Note

Text in the form of captions accompanying many of the illustrations

Hand note

Written in small-format, semi-formal Gothic script

Decoration Note

Full-page miniatures on all folios; most folios blank on versos; fol. 11 blank on recto; fols. 17, 18, and 19 have miniatures on both recto and verso

Contributors

artist: W. de Brailes

Principal cataloger: Herbert, Lynley

Principal cataloger: Noel, William

Principal cataloger: Smith, Kathryn

Cataloger: Walters Art Museum curatorial staff and researchers since 1934

Editor: Herbert, Lynley

Editor: Noel, William

Copy editor: Bockrath, Diane

Contributor: Bockrath, Diane

Contributor: Dutschke, Consuelo

Contributor: Emery, Doug

Contributor: Grollemond, Larisa

Contributor: Herbert, Lynley

Contributor: Noel, William

Contributor: Pizzinato, Riccardo

Contributor: Tabritha, Ariel

Contributor: Toth, Michael B.

Conservator: Owen, Linda

Conservator: Quandt, Abigail

Bibliography

Randall, Richard H. Masterpieces of Ivory from the Walters Art Gallery. New York: Hudson Hills Press in association with the Walters Art Gallery, 1985, p. 220, no. 314.


Randall, Lilian M. C. "En Route to Salvation with William de Brailes." In Medieval Codicology, Iconography, Literature, and Translation: Studies for Keith Val Sinclair. Peter Rolfe Monks and D. D. R. Owen, eds. Leiden, The Netherlands and New York: E. J. Brill, 1994, pp. 83-93.


Cockerell, Sydney C. The Work of W. de Brailes, an English Illuminator of the Thirteenth Century. Cambridge: Roxburghe Club, 1930.


Morgan, Nigel. “Old Testament Illustration in Thirteenth-Century England.” In The Bible in the Middle Ages: Its Influence on Literature and Art. Bernard S. Levy, ed. Medieval and Renaissance Texts and Studies, LXXXIX (1992), 149-98.


Millar, E. "Additional Miniatures by W. de Brailes." Journal of the Walters Art Gallery 2 (1939): 106-109.


Noel, William. The Oxford Bible Pictures. Luzern, Switzerland: Faksimile Verlag in association with the Walters Art Museum, 2004.


Noel, William. “William de Brailes in Baltimore, Paris, and Stockholm." In Tributes in Honor of James Marrow: Studies in Painting and Manuscript Illumination of the Late Middle Ages and Northern Renaissance. Jeffrey F. Hamburger and A. S. Korteweg, eds. London: Harvey Miller, 2006, pp. 353-359.


Swarzenski, H. "Unknown Bible Pictures by W. de Brailes and Some Notes on Early English Bible Illustration." Journal of the Walters Art Gallery 1 (1938): 55-69.


Morgan, N. J. Early Gothic Manuscripts. Vol. 1, 1190-1250. A Survey of Manuscripts Illuminated in the British Isles 5. London: Harvey Miller, 1982, no. 71.


These are pages that we pulled aside that disrupted the flow of the manuscript reader. These may be bindings, inserts, bookmarks, and various other oddities.

Upper board outside

lower board outside

Spine

Fore-edge

Head

Tail

Keywords
Christian
Bible
English
England
Devotion
Scripture
13th century
Miniature
Notable binding

Origin Place

Oxford, England

Date

Ca. 1250 CE

Form

book

Binding

Non-original Binding

Binding Description

Early twentieth-century binding by Leon Gruel, Paris; shaped millboard, covered in worn red velvet incorporating a double-sided, fourteenth-century Rhenish ivory on the upper board; upper board outside depicts the Nativity; upper board inside depicts the Crucifixion

Language

The primary language in this manuscript is French, Old (842-ca.1400).

Provenance

Edith Corf, Prioress of Tarent Kaines, Dorset, fourteenth century

Stockholm, National Museum Ms. B.2010

Léon Gruel, Paris, by purchase, late nineteenth or early twentieth century

Henry Walters, Baltimore, purchased from Gruel in 1906

Acquisition

The Walters Art Museum, by Henry Walters bequest, 1931

← search Bible pictures by William de Brailes W.106

Origin Place

Oxford, England

Date

Ca. 1250 CE

Form

book

Language

The primary language in this manuscript is French, Old (842-ca.1400).

Provenance

Edith Corf, Prioress of Tarent Kaines, Dorset, fourteenth century

Stockholm, National Museum Ms. B.2010

Léon Gruel, Paris, by purchase, late nineteenth or early twentieth century

Henry Walters, Baltimore, purchased from Gruel in 1906

Acquisition

The Walters Art Museum, by Henry Walters bequest, 1931

Manuscript Overview

Abstract

This manuscript comprises twenty-four leaves of Bible pictures by W. de Brailes, an English artist active in Oxford in the middle of the thirteenth century. Seven leaves from the same set of images are now in the Musée Marmottan in Paris. These thirty-one leaves are all that remain of an image cycle that once contained at least ninety-eight miniatures, and which was the longest cycle of Bible miniatures surviving from the thirteenth century in England. In all probability these Bible pictures were actually prefatory matter to a Psalter, now Stockholm, National Museum Ms. B.2010. De Brailes also composed and wrote the captions that accompany many of the images, a pattern of production observable in other manuscripts made by him, including London, British Library Ms. Add. 49999, a richly illuminated Book of Hours apparently intended for a female owner. W. de Brailes is one of only two English artists of the thirteenth century whose name we can associate with surviving works. Eleven manuscripts have been identified that contain miniatures in his hand. De Brailes has a quirky and chatty style and is extremely gifted at turning Bible stories into paint.

Text Note

Text in the form of captions accompanying many of the illustrations

Hand note

Written in small-format, semi-formal Gothic script

Decoration Note

Full-page miniatures on all folios; most folios blank on versos; fol. 11 blank on recto; fols. 17, 18, and 19 have miniatures on both recto and verso

References

Contributors

artist: W. de Brailes

Principal cataloger: Herbert, Lynley

Principal cataloger: Noel, William

Principal cataloger: Smith, Kathryn

Cataloger: Walters Art Museum curatorial staff and researchers since 1934

Editor: Herbert, Lynley

Editor: Noel, William

Copy editor: Bockrath, Diane

Contributor: Bockrath, Diane

Contributor: Dutschke, Consuelo

Contributor: Emery, Doug

Contributor: Grollemond, Larisa

Contributor: Herbert, Lynley

Contributor: Noel, William

Contributor: Pizzinato, Riccardo

Contributor: Tabritha, Ariel

Contributor: Toth, Michael B.

Conservator: Owen, Linda

Conservator: Quandt, Abigail

Bibliography

Randall, Richard H. Masterpieces of Ivory from the Walters Art Gallery. New York: Hudson Hills Press in association with the Walters Art Gallery, 1985, p. 220, no. 314.


Randall, Lilian M. C. "En Route to Salvation with William de Brailes." In Medieval Codicology, Iconography, Literature, and Translation: Studies for Keith Val Sinclair. Peter Rolfe Monks and D. D. R. Owen, eds. Leiden, The Netherlands and New York: E. J. Brill, 1994, pp. 83-93.


Cockerell, Sydney C. The Work of W. de Brailes, an English Illuminator of the Thirteenth Century. Cambridge: Roxburghe Club, 1930.


Morgan, Nigel. “Old Testament Illustration in Thirteenth-Century England.” In The Bible in the Middle Ages: Its Influence on Literature and Art. Bernard S. Levy, ed. Medieval and Renaissance Texts and Studies, LXXXIX (1992), 149-98.


Millar, E. "Additional Miniatures by W. de Brailes." Journal of the Walters Art Gallery 2 (1939): 106-109.


Noel, William. The Oxford Bible Pictures. Luzern, Switzerland: Faksimile Verlag in association with the Walters Art Museum, 2004.


Noel, William. “William de Brailes in Baltimore, Paris, and Stockholm." In Tributes in Honor of James Marrow: Studies in Painting and Manuscript Illumination of the Late Middle Ages and Northern Renaissance. Jeffrey F. Hamburger and A. S. Korteweg, eds. London: Harvey Miller, 2006, pp. 353-359.


Swarzenski, H. "Unknown Bible Pictures by W. de Brailes and Some Notes on Early English Bible Illustration." Journal of the Walters Art Gallery 1 (1938): 55-69.


Morgan, N. J. Early Gothic Manuscripts. Vol. 1, 1190-1250. A Survey of Manuscripts Illuminated in the British Isles 5. London: Harvey Miller, 1982, no. 71.


Bindings & Oddities

These are pages that we pulled aside that disrupted the flow of the manuscript reader. These may be bindings, inserts, bookmarks, and various other oddities.

Upper board outside

lower board outside

Spine

Fore-edge

Head

Tail

Keywords
Christian
Bible
English
England
Devotion
Scripture
13th century
Miniature
Notable binding
YOUR COLLECTION

Share this Collection

Clear All

Note: This collection feature is in beta, and not yet fully functional. If you're interested in saving your collection to continue using it in the future, please us the share action.