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Manuscript Overview
References
Bindings & Oddities

Abstract

Created in the mid twelfth century in Germany, this manuscript contains the much earlier writings of the Irish scholar Sedulius Scotus. Writing in the mid ninth century at St. Lambert in Liège, Scotus famously penned this treatise on the duties and ideals of the Christian king or prince. It is the earliest version of a genre that would become popular in the later medieval and Renaissance periods, often known as "mirrors for princes." This manuscript is the second oldest copy of Scotus' treatise known, the earliest being from the ninth century (Bremen, Stadtbibliothek Ms. C. 36). The text is virtually complete, missing only its first and last folios, and is written in a clear Romanesque Caroline minuscule script. The nine inhabited initials, which include dragons and cranes, as well as the seven decorated initials, have been left unfinished. In its script and decoration the manuscript is similar to a benedictional made in Constance (Folter, et al. Cimelia, p. 144, no. 33).

Text Note

Incomplete; missing first folio

Hand note

Written in a pre-Gothic script with neumes

Decoration Note

Inhabited and decorated initials throughout in various states of finish, from fully colored at the beginning, to underdrawing, to only blank space by the end; some crude, later pen decoration around the initials in an attempt to finish them; large initials ranging in size (3-8 lines high); first line of each chapter in red rustic capitals; occasional small initials in red (1-2 lines high); crudely etched faces and eagle in margins by a later owner; text in black ink

Contributors

Principal cataloger: Herbert, Lynley

Cataloger: Walters Art Museum curatorial staff and researchers since 1934

Editor: Herbert, Lynley

Editor: Noel, William

Copy editor: Bockrath, Diane

Contributor: Bockrath, Diane

Contributor: Davis, Lisa Fagin

Contributor: Dutschke, Consuelo

Contributor: Emery, Doug

Contributor: Hamburger, Jeffrey

Contributor: Noel, William

Contributor: Tabritha, Ariel

Contributor: Toth, Michael B.

Conservator: Owen, Linda

Conservator: Quandt, Abigail

Bibliography

Olschki, L. S. "Vendite Pubbliche: Vendita della biblioteca Gustavo R. v. Emich." La Bibliofilia 8 (1906-1907): 229 (fol. 54r).


De Ricci, Seymour. Census of Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the United States and Canada. Vol. 1. New York: H. W. Wilson Company, 1935, p. 820, no. 384.


Austin, Gerard. "Bibliographie: Liturgical Manuscripts in the United States and Canada." Scriptorium 28 (1974): 99.


Doyle, Edward. The De Rectoribus Christianis and Poems of Sedulius Scottus. Binghamton, N.Y.: Center for Medieval and Early Renaissance Studies, State University of New York at Binghamton, 1982.


Folter, Roland, et al. Cimelia: A Catalogue of Important Illuminated and Textual Manuscripts Published in Commemoration of the Sale of the Ludwig Collection. New York: H. P. Kraus, 1983, p. 144, no. 33.


These are pages that we pulled aside that disrupted the flow of the manuscript reader. These may be bindings, inserts, bookmarks, and various other oddities.

Upper board outside

Lower board outside

Spine

Fore-edge

Head

Tail

Previous binding outer boards

Previous binding inner boards

Keywords
Christian
German
Romanesque
Philosophy
Theology
Germany
Inhabited initial
Caroline minuscule
12th century
Treatise

Origin Place

Westphalia(?), Germany

Date

Mid 12th century CE

Form

book

Binding

Non-original Binding

Binding Description

Modern white leather over boards, Walters Art Museum, 1998; earlier binding preserved and housed separately (images included here) in red and yellow brocade by Gruel after 1906, to replace a leather binding with clasp and a pastedown from a thirteenth-century Gospel (binding no longer extant)

Language

The primary language in this manuscript is Latin.

Provenance

Created in Germany, possibly Westphalia, in the mid twelfth century

Gustav Ritter von Emmich sale, Vienna, March 15, 1906, no. I, pl. VIII

Gruel and Engelmann collection no. 609, Paris

Henry Walters, Baltimore, purchased from Gruel before 1931

Acquisition

Walters Art Museum, 1931, by Henry Walters bequest

← search On Christian rulers W.12

Origin Place

Westphalia(?), Germany

Date

Mid 12th century CE

Form

book

Language

The primary language in this manuscript is Latin.

Provenance

Created in Germany, possibly Westphalia, in the mid twelfth century

Gustav Ritter von Emmich sale, Vienna, March 15, 1906, no. I, pl. VIII

Gruel and Engelmann collection no. 609, Paris

Henry Walters, Baltimore, purchased from Gruel before 1931

Acquisition

Walters Art Museum, 1931, by Henry Walters bequest

Manuscript Overview

Abstract

Created in the mid twelfth century in Germany, this manuscript contains the much earlier writings of the Irish scholar Sedulius Scotus. Writing in the mid ninth century at St. Lambert in Liège, Scotus famously penned this treatise on the duties and ideals of the Christian king or prince. It is the earliest version of a genre that would become popular in the later medieval and Renaissance periods, often known as "mirrors for princes." This manuscript is the second oldest copy of Scotus' treatise known, the earliest being from the ninth century (Bremen, Stadtbibliothek Ms. C. 36). The text is virtually complete, missing only its first and last folios, and is written in a clear Romanesque Caroline minuscule script. The nine inhabited initials, which include dragons and cranes, as well as the seven decorated initials, have been left unfinished. In its script and decoration the manuscript is similar to a benedictional made in Constance (Folter, et al. Cimelia, p. 144, no. 33).

Text Note

Incomplete; missing first folio

Hand note

Written in a pre-Gothic script with neumes

Decoration Note

Inhabited and decorated initials throughout in various states of finish, from fully colored at the beginning, to underdrawing, to only blank space by the end; some crude, later pen decoration around the initials in an attempt to finish them; large initials ranging in size (3-8 lines high); first line of each chapter in red rustic capitals; occasional small initials in red (1-2 lines high); crudely etched faces and eagle in margins by a later owner; text in black ink

References

Contributors

Principal cataloger: Herbert, Lynley

Cataloger: Walters Art Museum curatorial staff and researchers since 1934

Editor: Herbert, Lynley

Editor: Noel, William

Copy editor: Bockrath, Diane

Contributor: Bockrath, Diane

Contributor: Davis, Lisa Fagin

Contributor: Dutschke, Consuelo

Contributor: Emery, Doug

Contributor: Hamburger, Jeffrey

Contributor: Noel, William

Contributor: Tabritha, Ariel

Contributor: Toth, Michael B.

Conservator: Owen, Linda

Conservator: Quandt, Abigail

Bibliography

Olschki, L. S. "Vendite Pubbliche: Vendita della biblioteca Gustavo R. v. Emich." La Bibliofilia 8 (1906-1907): 229 (fol. 54r).


De Ricci, Seymour. Census of Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the United States and Canada. Vol. 1. New York: H. W. Wilson Company, 1935, p. 820, no. 384.


Austin, Gerard. "Bibliographie: Liturgical Manuscripts in the United States and Canada." Scriptorium 28 (1974): 99.


Doyle, Edward. The De Rectoribus Christianis and Poems of Sedulius Scottus. Binghamton, N.Y.: Center for Medieval and Early Renaissance Studies, State University of New York at Binghamton, 1982.


Folter, Roland, et al. Cimelia: A Catalogue of Important Illuminated and Textual Manuscripts Published in Commemoration of the Sale of the Ludwig Collection. New York: H. P. Kraus, 1983, p. 144, no. 33.


Bindings & Oddities

These are pages that we pulled aside that disrupted the flow of the manuscript reader. These may be bindings, inserts, bookmarks, and various other oddities.

Upper board outside

Lower board outside

Spine

Fore-edge

Head

Tail

Previous binding outer boards

Previous binding inner boards

Keywords
Christian
German
Romanesque
Philosophy
Theology
Germany
Inhabited initial
Caroline minuscule
12th century
Treatise
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