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← search Book of Hours (Use of Rome) W.183
Manuscript Overview
References
Bindings & Oddities

Abstract

This pocket-size Flemish Book of Hours was created in Bruges between 1460 and 1470. A heavy contingent of South Netherlandish saints in the litany helps localize its production. Although small in scale, it is notable for its abundance of illuminations, nearly thirty extant, by artists working in the style of the prolific mid-fifteenth-century Flemish illuminator Willem Vrelant. Three artists worked on this book. The best painted the full-page miniature of David Penitent on fol. 85v; an able artist painted the other two full-page miniatures; the historiated initials and minor decoration are routine. Several other Books of Hours in the Walters' collection are similar in style to this manuscript, exhibiting the characteristics of the Vrelant circle, notably W.177, W.179, and W.180.

Hand note

Compressed textura

Decoration Note

Three full-page miniatures (three others now missing) by two different artists and inserted as singletons (3.7 x 6.3 cm), each with foliate margins on three sides and facing (or would have been facing) opening pages of text with matching foliate margins and large blue and rose floral initials against gold grounds (6-7 lines); four small miniatures and twenty-one historiated initials by a third artist (9 lines) with foliate margins above and below the textblock; smaller initials in gold against blue and rose grounds (2-4 lines) beginning each calendar page (KL) and also marking secondary text divisions; versals in alternating gold and blue (1 line); geometric line fillers in rose and blue (in litany only); rubrics and major feast days in rose; text in black ink

Contributors

artist: Circle of Willem Vrelant

Principal cataloger: Randall, Lilian M.C.

Cataloger: Herbert, Lynley

Cataloger: Randall, Lilian M.C.

Editor: Herbert, Lynley

Copy editor: Dibble, Charles

Contributor: Dennis, Nathan S

Contributor: Emery, Doug

Contributor: Herbert, Lynley

Contributor: Noel, William

Contributor: Tabritha, Ariel

Contributor: Toth, Michael B.

Contributor: Wiegand, Kimber

Conservator: Owen, Linda

Conservator: Quandt, Abigail

Bibliography

De Ricci, Seymour. Census of Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the United States and Canada. Vol. 1. New York: H. W. Wilson Company, 1935, p. 797, cat. no. 254.


Bowles, E. A. "A Checklist of Musical Instruments in Fifteenth-Century Illuminated Manuscripts at the Walters Art Gallery." Quarterly Journal of the Music Library Association, 32/4 (1976): 719-726; p. 723.


Owens, M. B. Musical Subjects in the Illumination of Books of Hours from Fifteenth-Century France and Flanders. PhD diss., University of Chicago, 1987, p. 394.


Randall, Lilian M.C. Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Walters Art Gallery. Vol. 3, Belgium 1250-1530. Baltimore and London: Walters Art Gallery, 1997, Part 1, pp. 278-282, cat. no. 255.


Bousmanne, Bernard. "Item a Guillaume Wyelant aussi enlumineur:" Willem Vrelant: un aspect de l'enluminure dans les Pays-Bas méridionaux sous le mécénat des ducs de Bourgogne Philippe le Bon et Charles le Téméraire. Bibliothèque royale de Belgique; Turnhout: Brepols, 1997, p. 229.


These are pages that we pulled aside that disrupted the flow of the manuscript reader. These may be bindings, inserts, bookmarks, and various other oddities.

Upper board outside

fol. 88bookmarkr

Lower board outside

Spine

Fore-edge

Head

Tail

Book box front

Book box back

Book box spine

Book box fore-edge

Book box head

Book box tail

Book box bottom front

Book box bottom back

Book box bottom spine

Book box bottom fore-edge

Book box bottom inside

Book box top inside

Keywords
Book of Hours
Christian
Flemish
Historiated initial
Miniature
Flanders
15th century
Devotion

Origin Place

Bruges, Flanders

Date

Ca. 1460-70 CE

Form

book

Binding

Non-original Binding

Binding Description

Rebound in France, ca. 1820; black straight-grain goatskin, blind-tooled foliate, rope, and geometric patterns; gold-tooled framing fillets on outer boards, and Greek key designs on turn-ins; marbelized pastedowns; spine inscribed in gold amid three wreaths: HEURES/SUR/VELIN; pink and white silk endbands and pink ribbon marker; housed within a black telescopic case inscribed HEURES in gold

Language

The primary language in this manuscript is Latin.

Provenance

Made in Bruges, ca. 1460-70, for the Use of Rome, in the circle of Willem Vrelant; many South Netherlandish, and some English, saints in the suffrages and litany

De Traysy, seventeenth-century ex libris

Lauora, or Lauorci, eighteenth-century

Henry Walters, Baltimore, between 1895 and 1931, by purchase

Acquisition

Walters Art Museum, 1931, by Henry Walters' bequest

← search Book of Hours (Use of Rome) W.183

Origin Place

Bruges, Flanders

Date

Ca. 1460-70 CE

Form

book

Language

The primary language in this manuscript is Latin.

Provenance

Made in Bruges, ca. 1460-70, for the Use of Rome, in the circle of Willem Vrelant; many South Netherlandish, and some English, saints in the suffrages and litany

De Traysy, seventeenth-century ex libris

Lauora, or Lauorci, eighteenth-century

Henry Walters, Baltimore, between 1895 and 1931, by purchase

Acquisition

Walters Art Museum, 1931, by Henry Walters' bequest

Manuscript Overview

Abstract

This pocket-size Flemish Book of Hours was created in Bruges between 1460 and 1470. A heavy contingent of South Netherlandish saints in the litany helps localize its production. Although small in scale, it is notable for its abundance of illuminations, nearly thirty extant, by artists working in the style of the prolific mid-fifteenth-century Flemish illuminator Willem Vrelant. Three artists worked on this book. The best painted the full-page miniature of David Penitent on fol. 85v; an able artist painted the other two full-page miniatures; the historiated initials and minor decoration are routine. Several other Books of Hours in the Walters' collection are similar in style to this manuscript, exhibiting the characteristics of the Vrelant circle, notably W.177, W.179, and W.180.

Hand note

Compressed textura

Decoration Note

Three full-page miniatures (three others now missing) by two different artists and inserted as singletons (3.7 x 6.3 cm), each with foliate margins on three sides and facing (or would have been facing) opening pages of text with matching foliate margins and large blue and rose floral initials against gold grounds (6-7 lines); four small miniatures and twenty-one historiated initials by a third artist (9 lines) with foliate margins above and below the textblock; smaller initials in gold against blue and rose grounds (2-4 lines) beginning each calendar page (KL) and also marking secondary text divisions; versals in alternating gold and blue (1 line); geometric line fillers in rose and blue (in litany only); rubrics and major feast days in rose; text in black ink

References

Contributors

artist: Circle of Willem Vrelant

Principal cataloger: Randall, Lilian M.C.

Cataloger: Herbert, Lynley

Cataloger: Randall, Lilian M.C.

Editor: Herbert, Lynley

Copy editor: Dibble, Charles

Contributor: Dennis, Nathan S

Contributor: Emery, Doug

Contributor: Herbert, Lynley

Contributor: Noel, William

Contributor: Tabritha, Ariel

Contributor: Toth, Michael B.

Contributor: Wiegand, Kimber

Conservator: Owen, Linda

Conservator: Quandt, Abigail

Bibliography

De Ricci, Seymour. Census of Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the United States and Canada. Vol. 1. New York: H. W. Wilson Company, 1935, p. 797, cat. no. 254.


Bowles, E. A. "A Checklist of Musical Instruments in Fifteenth-Century Illuminated Manuscripts at the Walters Art Gallery." Quarterly Journal of the Music Library Association, 32/4 (1976): 719-726; p. 723.


Owens, M. B. Musical Subjects in the Illumination of Books of Hours from Fifteenth-Century France and Flanders. PhD diss., University of Chicago, 1987, p. 394.


Randall, Lilian M.C. Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Walters Art Gallery. Vol. 3, Belgium 1250-1530. Baltimore and London: Walters Art Gallery, 1997, Part 1, pp. 278-282, cat. no. 255.


Bousmanne, Bernard. "Item a Guillaume Wyelant aussi enlumineur:" Willem Vrelant: un aspect de l'enluminure dans les Pays-Bas méridionaux sous le mécénat des ducs de Bourgogne Philippe le Bon et Charles le Téméraire. Bibliothèque royale de Belgique; Turnhout: Brepols, 1997, p. 229.


Bindings & Oddities

These are pages that we pulled aside that disrupted the flow of the manuscript reader. These may be bindings, inserts, bookmarks, and various other oddities.

Upper board outside

fol. 88bookmarkr

Lower board outside

Spine

Fore-edge

Head

Tail

Book box front

Book box back

Book box spine

Book box fore-edge

Book box head

Book box tail

Book box bottom front

Book box bottom back

Book box bottom spine

Book box bottom fore-edge

Book box bottom inside

Book box top inside

Keywords
Book of Hours
Christian
Flemish
Historiated initial
Miniature
Flanders
15th century
Devotion
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