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← search Collection of texts by Solinus W.21
Manuscript Overview
References
Bindings & Oddities

Abstract

Written in northeastern France in the last quarter of the twelfth century, this manuscript contains works by Solinus, Orosius, Pseudo-Alexander, Justinus, and Walter of Châtillon. An excerpt of the "Alexandreis" by Walter of Châtillon (active 1170-1180) provides a close dating for the manuscript. The manuscript represents an interest in classical texts, particularly that of geography and the Alexander legend, during this period, and the continued interest in ensuing centuries. For example, it exhibits heavy use through the rubricated titles in the margins, text corrections, and annotations that date from the twelfth through the sixteenth century. It was possibly owned by Francesco Griffolini Francesco, a humanist who translated classical works in Naples in the fifteenth century, as indicated by his signature (fol. 1r).

Text Note

A variety of works by Solinus, Orosius, Pseudo-Alexander, Justinus, and Walter of Châtillon

Hand note

Addition by several hands, ca. fifteenth-sixteenth century

Decoration Note

Initials at major and secondary text divisions; initials flourished and embellished by later additions of sketched human heads; sketch of Alexander with a crown and sceptre under the heading "De Alexandro magno" (fol. 12r); rubrics in red; text in varying shades of brown

Contributors

Principal cataloger: Randall, Lilian M.C.

Cataloger: Bucca, Lauren

Editor: Herbert, Lynley

Copy editor: Dibble, Charles

Contributor: Emery, Doug

Contributor: Noel, William

Contributor: Schuele, Allyson

Contributor: Tabritha, Ariel

Contributor: Toth, Michael B.

Contributor: Wiegand, Kimber

Conservator: Owen, Linda

Conservator: Quandt, Abigail

Bibliography

De Ricci, S. and W. J. Wilson. Census of Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the United States and Canada. Vol. 1. New York: H. W. Wilson Company, 1935, p. 839, cat. no. 476.


Ross, D. J. A. "The Julius Valerius Epitome, the Epistola ad Aristotelem and the Collatio cum Dindimo." Scriptorium 10 (1956): 129.


Faye, C. U. and W. H. Bond. Supplement to the Census of Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the United States and Canada. New York: Bibliographical Society of America, 1962, p. 197, cat. no. 476.


Phillipps, Thomas. The Phillipps Manuscripts: Catalogus librorum manuscriptorum in bibliotheca D. Thomae Phillipps.... Edited by A. N. L. Munby. London: Holland Press, 1968, p. 40.


Randall, Lilian M. C. Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Walters Art Gallery. Vol. 1. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1989, pp. 23–25, cat. no. 10, fig. 19 (fol. 15).


Kristeller, Paul Oskar. Iter Italicum. Vol. 5: (Alia itinera III and Italy III). London: Brill, 1990; p. 212.


Mortensen, Lars Boje. "The Diffusion of Roman Histories in the Middle Ages. A List of Orosius, Eutropius, Paulus Diaconus, and Landolfus Sagax Manuscripts." Filologia Mediolatina: Rivista della Fondazione Ezio Franceschini 6 (1999-2000): 101-200; p. 158.


Munk Olsen, Birger. L'étude des auteurs classiques latins aux XIe et XIIe siècles: Tome 4 - 1re partie, La réception de la littérature classique, travaux philologiques. Paris: Centre national de la recherche scientifique, 2009; p. 245.


Dover, Paul. "Reading 'Pliny's Ape' in the Renaissance: the Polyphister of Caius Julius Solinus in the First Century of Print." In Encyclopaedism from Antiquity to the Renaissance, edited by Jason König and Greg Woolf, 414-443. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2013; pp. 442-443.


These are pages that we pulled aside that disrupted the flow of the manuscript reader. These may be bindings, inserts, bookmarks, and various other oddities.

Upper board outside

Stub 3bisr

Lower board outside

Spine

Fore-edge

Head

Tail

Keywords
Flemish
French
Flanders
France
Italy
12th century
History
Biography
Italian
Binding
Humanistic
Science -- Medicine
Spain
Geography
Spanish
Treatise
Christian
Literature -- Poetry
Mineralogy
Science
Drawing

Origin Place

Northeast France

Date

Last quarter of the 12th century CE

Form

book

Binding

Non-original Binding

Binding Description

Bound in Naples, Italy, second half of the fifteenth century; calfskin over beveled boards; medieval slit straps; central blind tooled panels with repeated striped banded knots encompassing a cross; gilt title on spine: "SOLINUS / MS. MEM. / SEC. XI."; evidence for two straps and clasps previously attached to the lower and upper fore-edge of the covers

Language

The primary language in this manuscript is Latin. The secondary languages of this manuscript are Spanish; Castilian, Greek, Ancient (to 1453).

Provenance

Created in northeastern France, ca. 1175; early ownership provenance erased on fols. 2r and 59v

Possibly owned by Francesco Griffolini Francesco

Inscription in ca. fifteenth-sixteenth century humanist script indicates possible change in ownership, fol. 2r: "NUNC VERO GEORGII & AMICORUM SUORUM"

Probable Spanish ownership, ca. 1500; evidence from medical recipes in Spanish on fols. 1 and 60 and Spanish marginal notations throughout text

Possibly acquired by Abbot Luigi Celotti

Owned by Rev. Henry Drury, ca. 1823, Harrow; provenance indicated by inscription on fol. ir: "H. Drury. 1823"

Thomas Thorpe, London bookseller

Sir Thomas Phillipps, ca. late nineteenth-early twentieth century, purchased book, added inscription: "Phillipps MS/3403" on fol. 1v

Bernard Quaritch Ltd., London bookseller, purchased from Phillipps' sale, London, Sotheby's, June 15-18, 1908

Henry Walters, Baltimore, ca. 1908-1931, probably purchased book from Quaritch

Acquisition

Walters Art Museum, 1931, by Henry Walters' bequest

← search Collection of texts by Solinus W.21

Origin Place

Northeast France

Date

Last quarter of the 12th century CE

Form

book

Language

The primary language in this manuscript is Latin. The secondary languages of this manuscript are Spanish; Castilian, Greek, Ancient (to 1453).

Provenance

Created in northeastern France, ca. 1175; early ownership provenance erased on fols. 2r and 59v

Possibly owned by Francesco Griffolini Francesco

Inscription in ca. fifteenth-sixteenth century humanist script indicates possible change in ownership, fol. 2r: "NUNC VERO GEORGII & AMICORUM SUORUM"

Probable Spanish ownership, ca. 1500; evidence from medical recipes in Spanish on fols. 1 and 60 and Spanish marginal notations throughout text

Possibly acquired by Abbot Luigi Celotti

Owned by Rev. Henry Drury, ca. 1823, Harrow; provenance indicated by inscription on fol. ir: "H. Drury. 1823"

Thomas Thorpe, London bookseller

Sir Thomas Phillipps, ca. late nineteenth-early twentieth century, purchased book, added inscription: "Phillipps MS/3403" on fol. 1v

Bernard Quaritch Ltd., London bookseller, purchased from Phillipps' sale, London, Sotheby's, June 15-18, 1908

Henry Walters, Baltimore, ca. 1908-1931, probably purchased book from Quaritch

Acquisition

Walters Art Museum, 1931, by Henry Walters' bequest

Manuscript Overview

Abstract

Written in northeastern France in the last quarter of the twelfth century, this manuscript contains works by Solinus, Orosius, Pseudo-Alexander, Justinus, and Walter of Châtillon. An excerpt of the "Alexandreis" by Walter of Châtillon (active 1170-1180) provides a close dating for the manuscript. The manuscript represents an interest in classical texts, particularly that of geography and the Alexander legend, during this period, and the continued interest in ensuing centuries. For example, it exhibits heavy use through the rubricated titles in the margins, text corrections, and annotations that date from the twelfth through the sixteenth century. It was possibly owned by Francesco Griffolini Francesco, a humanist who translated classical works in Naples in the fifteenth century, as indicated by his signature (fol. 1r).

Text Note

A variety of works by Solinus, Orosius, Pseudo-Alexander, Justinus, and Walter of Châtillon

Hand note

Addition by several hands, ca. fifteenth-sixteenth century

Decoration Note

Initials at major and secondary text divisions; initials flourished and embellished by later additions of sketched human heads; sketch of Alexander with a crown and sceptre under the heading "De Alexandro magno" (fol. 12r); rubrics in red; text in varying shades of brown

References

Contributors

Principal cataloger: Randall, Lilian M.C.

Cataloger: Bucca, Lauren

Editor: Herbert, Lynley

Copy editor: Dibble, Charles

Contributor: Emery, Doug

Contributor: Noel, William

Contributor: Schuele, Allyson

Contributor: Tabritha, Ariel

Contributor: Toth, Michael B.

Contributor: Wiegand, Kimber

Conservator: Owen, Linda

Conservator: Quandt, Abigail

Bibliography

De Ricci, S. and W. J. Wilson. Census of Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the United States and Canada. Vol. 1. New York: H. W. Wilson Company, 1935, p. 839, cat. no. 476.


Ross, D. J. A. "The Julius Valerius Epitome, the Epistola ad Aristotelem and the Collatio cum Dindimo." Scriptorium 10 (1956): 129.


Faye, C. U. and W. H. Bond. Supplement to the Census of Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the United States and Canada. New York: Bibliographical Society of America, 1962, p. 197, cat. no. 476.


Phillipps, Thomas. The Phillipps Manuscripts: Catalogus librorum manuscriptorum in bibliotheca D. Thomae Phillipps.... Edited by A. N. L. Munby. London: Holland Press, 1968, p. 40.


Randall, Lilian M. C. Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Walters Art Gallery. Vol. 1. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1989, pp. 23–25, cat. no. 10, fig. 19 (fol. 15).


Kristeller, Paul Oskar. Iter Italicum. Vol. 5: (Alia itinera III and Italy III). London: Brill, 1990; p. 212.


Mortensen, Lars Boje. "The Diffusion of Roman Histories in the Middle Ages. A List of Orosius, Eutropius, Paulus Diaconus, and Landolfus Sagax Manuscripts." Filologia Mediolatina: Rivista della Fondazione Ezio Franceschini 6 (1999-2000): 101-200; p. 158.


Munk Olsen, Birger. L'étude des auteurs classiques latins aux XIe et XIIe siècles: Tome 4 - 1re partie, La réception de la littérature classique, travaux philologiques. Paris: Centre national de la recherche scientifique, 2009; p. 245.


Dover, Paul. "Reading 'Pliny's Ape' in the Renaissance: the Polyphister of Caius Julius Solinus in the First Century of Print." In Encyclopaedism from Antiquity to the Renaissance, edited by Jason König and Greg Woolf, 414-443. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2013; pp. 442-443.


Bindings & Oddities

These are pages that we pulled aside that disrupted the flow of the manuscript reader. These may be bindings, inserts, bookmarks, and various other oddities.

Upper board outside

Stub 3bisr

Lower board outside

Spine

Fore-edge

Head

Tail

Keywords
Flemish
French
Flanders
France
Italy
12th century
History
Biography
Italian
Binding
Humanistic
Science -- Medicine
Spain
Geography
Spanish
Treatise
Christian
Literature -- Poetry
Mineralogy
Science
Drawing
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