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← search Premonstratensian Psalter W.25
Manuscript Overview
References
Bindings & Oddities

Abstract

This late twelfth- or early thirteenth-century Psalter was made for a female supplicant, and is of Premonstratensian use. Created and used in Rhineland, Germany, it remained there until the French Revolution, after which it was eventually acquired by the English book collector Sir Thomas Phillipps. The Psalter is liturgical, and therefore has eight divisions for the liturgical week, as well as the usual tripartite divisions. Each of these major psalms is marked by large lively inhabited or foliate initials. Early added prayers on the first and last blank pages, as well as occasional marginal prayers and notes in a variety of hands, attest to the manuscript's use through time.

Text Note

Psalter and prayers for a female supplicant

Hand note

Gothic bookhand

Decoration Note

Seven inhabited and two historiated initials with beasts and human figures (7-15 lines); two foliate initials (9-10 lines); initials drawn in black and red pen, often with gold or yellow wash backgrounds and red and green accents; Psalms begin with red pen-drawn decorative initials with blue or green flourishes (3-8 lines); Psalm verses begin with red initials (1 line high); rubrics in red, text in black ink

Contributors

Cataloger: Herbert, Lynley

Cataloger: Walters Art Museum curatorial staff and researchers since 1934

Editor: Herbert, Lynley

Editor: Noel, William

Copy editor: Dibble, Charles

Contributor: Bockrath, Diane

Contributor: Davis, Lisa Fagin

Contributor: Dutschke, Consuelo

Contributor: Emery, Doug

Contributor: Hamburger, Jeffrey

Contributor: Klemm, Elizabeth

Contributor: Noel, William

Contributor: Sciacca, Christine

Contributor: Tabritha, Ariel

Contributor: Toth, Michael B.

Contributor: Valle, Chiara

Conservator: Owen, Linda

Conservator: Quandt, Abigail

Bibliography

De Ricci, Seymour. Census of Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the United States and Canada. Vol. 1. New York: H. W. Wilson Company, 1935, p. 769, cat. no. 76.


Phillipps, Sir Thomas. The Phillipps Manuscripts: Catalogus librorum manuscriptorum in bibliotheca D. Thomae Phillipps, bt. London: Holland Press, 1968, p. 5, cat. no. 441.


Oliver, Judith. Gothic Manuscript Illumination in the Diocese of Liege (ca. 1250-ca. 1330). 2 vols. Leuven: Uitgeverij Peeters, 1988, p. 137.


These are pages that we pulled aside that disrupted the flow of the manuscript reader. These may be bindings, inserts, bookmarks, and various other oddities.

Upper board outside

Lower board outside

Spine

Fore-edge

Head

Tail

Keywords
Christian
Scripture
German
Psalter
Inhabited initial
Germany
12th century
13th century
Devotion

Origin Place

Rhineland, Germany

Date

Late 12th or early 13th century CE

Form

book

Binding

Non-original Binding

Binding Description

Sixteenth-century German beech boards, originally covered in brown leather; re-covered in green velvet in the nineteenth century by Léon Gruel, Paris; clasp and catch plates are sixteenth century, poorly refitted

Language

The primary language in this manuscript is Latin.

Provenance

Made for Premonstratensian use

Owned by Rhenish abbeys before French Revolution

Leander van Ess of Darmstadt, acquired from Rhenish abbeys after French Revolution

Sir Thomas Phillipps, 1824, by purchase, no. 441; Ex-libris fol. 1r: rampant lion stamp and inscription "Sir T.P./Middle Hill 441"

Phillipps's sale, London

Léon Gruel collection, no. 924

Henry Walters, Baltimore, acquired from Gruel before 1931

Acquisition

Walters Art Museum, 1931, by Henry Walters' bequest

← search Premonstratensian Psalter W.25

Origin Place

Rhineland, Germany

Date

Late 12th or early 13th century CE

Form

book

Language

The primary language in this manuscript is Latin.

Provenance

Made for Premonstratensian use

Owned by Rhenish abbeys before French Revolution

Leander van Ess of Darmstadt, acquired from Rhenish abbeys after French Revolution

Sir Thomas Phillipps, 1824, by purchase, no. 441; Ex-libris fol. 1r: rampant lion stamp and inscription "Sir T.P./Middle Hill 441"

Phillipps's sale, London

Léon Gruel collection, no. 924

Henry Walters, Baltimore, acquired from Gruel before 1931

Acquisition

Walters Art Museum, 1931, by Henry Walters' bequest

Manuscript Overview

Abstract

This late twelfth- or early thirteenth-century Psalter was made for a female supplicant, and is of Premonstratensian use. Created and used in Rhineland, Germany, it remained there until the French Revolution, after which it was eventually acquired by the English book collector Sir Thomas Phillipps. The Psalter is liturgical, and therefore has eight divisions for the liturgical week, as well as the usual tripartite divisions. Each of these major psalms is marked by large lively inhabited or foliate initials. Early added prayers on the first and last blank pages, as well as occasional marginal prayers and notes in a variety of hands, attest to the manuscript's use through time.

Text Note

Psalter and prayers for a female supplicant

Hand note

Gothic bookhand

Decoration Note

Seven inhabited and two historiated initials with beasts and human figures (7-15 lines); two foliate initials (9-10 lines); initials drawn in black and red pen, often with gold or yellow wash backgrounds and red and green accents; Psalms begin with red pen-drawn decorative initials with blue or green flourishes (3-8 lines); Psalm verses begin with red initials (1 line high); rubrics in red, text in black ink

References

Contributors

Cataloger: Herbert, Lynley

Cataloger: Walters Art Museum curatorial staff and researchers since 1934

Editor: Herbert, Lynley

Editor: Noel, William

Copy editor: Dibble, Charles

Contributor: Bockrath, Diane

Contributor: Davis, Lisa Fagin

Contributor: Dutschke, Consuelo

Contributor: Emery, Doug

Contributor: Hamburger, Jeffrey

Contributor: Klemm, Elizabeth

Contributor: Noel, William

Contributor: Sciacca, Christine

Contributor: Tabritha, Ariel

Contributor: Toth, Michael B.

Contributor: Valle, Chiara

Conservator: Owen, Linda

Conservator: Quandt, Abigail

Bibliography

De Ricci, Seymour. Census of Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the United States and Canada. Vol. 1. New York: H. W. Wilson Company, 1935, p. 769, cat. no. 76.


Phillipps, Sir Thomas. The Phillipps Manuscripts: Catalogus librorum manuscriptorum in bibliotheca D. Thomae Phillipps, bt. London: Holland Press, 1968, p. 5, cat. no. 441.


Oliver, Judith. Gothic Manuscript Illumination in the Diocese of Liege (ca. 1250-ca. 1330). 2 vols. Leuven: Uitgeverij Peeters, 1988, p. 137.


Bindings & Oddities

These are pages that we pulled aside that disrupted the flow of the manuscript reader. These may be bindings, inserts, bookmarks, and various other oddities.

Upper board outside

Lower board outside

Spine

Fore-edge

Head

Tail

Keywords
Christian
Scripture
German
Psalter
Inhabited initial
Germany
12th century
13th century
Devotion
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