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← search Cicero's De amicitia (French translation) W.312
Manuscript Overview
References
Bindings & Oddities

Abstract

This Flemish manuscript, written ca. 1470, contains Laurent de Premierfait's French translation of Cicero's Latin work De amicitia. Begun in 1406 for Louis II, duke of Bourbon, but completed between 1414 and 1416, Premierfait's translation was dedicated to John, duke of Berry, and this later copy retains its original dedication. A miniature, created in the style of Flemish artist Loyset Liédet, accompanies the text, and depicts Premierfait presenting his translation to the duke. Given that this manuscript was made sixty-five years after the duke's death, and the fact that there is a spot for an armorial to be placed in the image, it is likely the image also functioned as an homage to the patron of the 1470 copy of the manuscript as well as to the duke. That no armorial is present suggests that this might have been made for the open market rather than on commission from a specific patron, and the arms would have been filled in when it was purchased. No early provenance is known, so the identity of its purchaser is uncertain, as is the question why the armorial was never finished.

Text Note

Laurent de Premierfait's French translation of Cicero's Latin text

Hand note

Fol. 97r contains a later ownership inscription in a nineteenth-century hand

Decoration Note

One full-page presentation miniature, with foliate border and unfinished armorial; decorated initials in gold on blue and rose grounds with white accents (1-4 lines); rubrics in red; text in black ink

Contributors

artist: Liédet, Loyset, ca. 1420-1479

Principal cataloger: Randall, Lilian M.C.

Cataloger: Herbert, Lynley

Cataloger: Walters Art Museum curatorial staff and researchers since 1934

Editor: Herbert, Lynley

Copy editor: Dibble, Charles

Contributor: Emery, Doug

Contributor: Herbold, Rebekah

Contributor: Tabritha, Ariel

Contributor: Toth, Michael B.

Contributor: Wiegand, Kimber

Conservator: Owen, Linda

Bibliography

Gathercole, P.M. "Manuscripts of Laurent de Premierfait's Works," Modern Language Quarterly 19 (1958): 265.


De Ricci, Seymour. Census of Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the United States and Canada. Vol. 1. New York: H. W. Wilson Company, 1935; p. 846, no. 505.


Randall, Lilian M. C. Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Walters Art Gallery. Vol. 3, Belgium, 1250-1530. Baltimore and London: Johns Hopkins University Press in association with the Walters Art Gallery, 1997; pp. 340-342, cat. no. 268.


Legaré, Anne-Marie. “Loyset Liédet: un nouveau manuscrit enluminé.” Revue de l'art 126 (1999): 36-49; p. 46 (n. 3).


These are pages that we pulled aside that disrupted the flow of the manuscript reader. These may be bindings, inserts, bookmarks, and various other oddities.

Upper board outside

Front flyleaf bookmark i,r

Lower board outside

Spine

Fore-edge

Head

Tail

Keywords
Treatise
Flemish
Heraldry
Humanistic
Miniature
Painting
Flanders
15th century
Philosophy
Watermark

Origin Place

Bruges, Flanders

Date

Ca. 1470

Form

book

Binding

Non-original Binding

Binding Description

Bound in Paris, Masson-Debonnelle, nineteenth century; red morocco, gilt foliate decoration on inside edge of boards; marbleized pastedowns with matching endpaper; gilt edges; green and red silk endbands

Language

The primary language in this manuscript is French, Middle (ca.1400-1600).

Provenance

Made in Bruges, ca. 1470, in the circle of Loyset Liédet

Collection of M. Louis Jean Gaignat, France, before 1768; his catalog vol. 1, no. 840, p. 219

Marquis Louis Arborio Gattinare de Brême, his gift to his relative Comte Hercule Silva in 1818

Comte Hercule Silva, owned 1818-1869; his sale, Paris, Feb. 15 1869, no. 209

Tandeau de Marsac, purchased from Silva sale, owned 1869-1897; his sale, Paris, Apr. 26, 1897, vol. 1, no. 13

London, Sotheby's sale, July 30, 1897, no. 430, sold to Rogers

Henry Walters, Baltimore, purchased presumably from Rogers between 1897 and 1931

Acquisition

Walters Art Museum, 1931, by Henry Walters' bequest

← search Cicero's De amicitia (French translation) W.312

Origin Place

Bruges, Flanders

Date

Ca. 1470

Form

book

Language

The primary language in this manuscript is French, Middle (ca.1400-1600).

Provenance

Made in Bruges, ca. 1470, in the circle of Loyset Liédet

Collection of M. Louis Jean Gaignat, France, before 1768; his catalog vol. 1, no. 840, p. 219

Marquis Louis Arborio Gattinare de Brême, his gift to his relative Comte Hercule Silva in 1818

Comte Hercule Silva, owned 1818-1869; his sale, Paris, Feb. 15 1869, no. 209

Tandeau de Marsac, purchased from Silva sale, owned 1869-1897; his sale, Paris, Apr. 26, 1897, vol. 1, no. 13

London, Sotheby's sale, July 30, 1897, no. 430, sold to Rogers

Henry Walters, Baltimore, purchased presumably from Rogers between 1897 and 1931

Acquisition

Walters Art Museum, 1931, by Henry Walters' bequest

Manuscript Overview

Abstract

This Flemish manuscript, written ca. 1470, contains Laurent de Premierfait's French translation of Cicero's Latin work De amicitia. Begun in 1406 for Louis II, duke of Bourbon, but completed between 1414 and 1416, Premierfait's translation was dedicated to John, duke of Berry, and this later copy retains its original dedication. A miniature, created in the style of Flemish artist Loyset Liédet, accompanies the text, and depicts Premierfait presenting his translation to the duke. Given that this manuscript was made sixty-five years after the duke's death, and the fact that there is a spot for an armorial to be placed in the image, it is likely the image also functioned as an homage to the patron of the 1470 copy of the manuscript as well as to the duke. That no armorial is present suggests that this might have been made for the open market rather than on commission from a specific patron, and the arms would have been filled in when it was purchased. No early provenance is known, so the identity of its purchaser is uncertain, as is the question why the armorial was never finished.

Text Note

Laurent de Premierfait's French translation of Cicero's Latin text

Hand note

Fol. 97r contains a later ownership inscription in a nineteenth-century hand

Decoration Note

One full-page presentation miniature, with foliate border and unfinished armorial; decorated initials in gold on blue and rose grounds with white accents (1-4 lines); rubrics in red; text in black ink

References

Contributors

artist: Liédet, Loyset, ca. 1420-1479

Principal cataloger: Randall, Lilian M.C.

Cataloger: Herbert, Lynley

Cataloger: Walters Art Museum curatorial staff and researchers since 1934

Editor: Herbert, Lynley

Copy editor: Dibble, Charles

Contributor: Emery, Doug

Contributor: Herbold, Rebekah

Contributor: Tabritha, Ariel

Contributor: Toth, Michael B.

Contributor: Wiegand, Kimber

Conservator: Owen, Linda

Bibliography

Gathercole, P.M. "Manuscripts of Laurent de Premierfait's Works," Modern Language Quarterly 19 (1958): 265.


De Ricci, Seymour. Census of Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the United States and Canada. Vol. 1. New York: H. W. Wilson Company, 1935; p. 846, no. 505.


Randall, Lilian M. C. Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Walters Art Gallery. Vol. 3, Belgium, 1250-1530. Baltimore and London: Johns Hopkins University Press in association with the Walters Art Gallery, 1997; pp. 340-342, cat. no. 268.


Legaré, Anne-Marie. “Loyset Liédet: un nouveau manuscrit enluminé.” Revue de l'art 126 (1999): 36-49; p. 46 (n. 3).


Bindings & Oddities

These are pages that we pulled aside that disrupted the flow of the manuscript reader. These may be bindings, inserts, bookmarks, and various other oddities.

Upper board outside

Front flyleaf bookmark i,r

Lower board outside

Spine

Fore-edge

Head

Tail

Keywords
Treatise
Flemish
Heraldry
Humanistic
Miniature
Painting
Flanders
15th century
Philosophy
Watermark
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