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← search Psalter W.35
Manuscript Overview
References
Bindings & Oddities

Abstract

This manuscript was created in Flanders ca. 1270-80. Originally a standard liturgical Psalter, it was converted in the fourteenth century for the use of an English owner, possibly a cleric, through the addition of a second litany focused on English saints and an Office of the Dead. The illuminations, composed of vignettes depicting labors of the months in the calendar and historiated initials within the psalms themselves, belong to the first phase of production and are characteristic of Psalter iconography from the Bruges-Ghent region during this period.

Text Note

Psalter with second litany and Office of the Dead added in fourteenth century

Hand note

Script smaller than in added litany and appears to be different hand

Decoration Note

One full-page historiated initial missing after fol. 6, and likely several other full-page miniatures missing before major Psalm initials; nine surviving historiated initials (9 lines); twelve calendar vignettes (16-19 calendar lines); enlarged decorative initials in blue, rose, and gold at psalm openings and for "KL" in calendar (3 lines); versals begin with alternating blue and gold initials (1 line); in added texts, fols. 162r-172r: enlarged initials in blue or gold with red or purple pen flourishes (2 lines); smaller initials in same colors in litany (1 line); rubrics in red; text in black ink

Contributors

Principal cataloger: Randall, Lilian M.C.

Cataloger: Herbert, Lynley

Editor: Herbert, Lynley

Copy editor: Dibble, Charles

Contributor: Emery, Doug

Contributor: Herbert, Lynley

Contributor: Izer, Emily

Contributor: Noel, William

Contributor: Schuele, Allyson

Contributor: Tabritha, Ariel

Contributor: Toth, Michael B.

Contributor: Wiegand, Kimber

Conservator: Owen, Linda

Conservator: Quandt, Abigail

Bibliography

De Ricci, S., and W. J. Wilson. Census of Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the United States and Canada. Vol. 1. New York: H. W. Wilson Company, 1935, p. 771, cat. no. 87.


Stones, Margaret A. “Illumination of the French Prose Lancelot in Flanders, Belgium, and Paris, 1250–1340.” PhD diss., University of London, 1970–1971: pp. 98, 447, 497, 502, 506.


Randall, Lilian M. C. "Flemish Psalters in the Apostolic Tradition." In Gatherings in Honor of Dorothy Miner, edited by Ursula E. McCracken, Lilian M. C. Randall, and Richard H. Randall, Jr., 171–93. Baltimore: Walters Art Gallery, 1974, figs. 8, 15, 25 (fols. 4v, 96v, 16v).


Carlvant, Kerstin. "Thirteenth-Century Illumination in Bruges and Ghent." PhD diss., Columbia University, 1978: pp. 434, 463.


Randall, Lilian M. C. Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Walters Art Gallery. Vol. 3, pt. 1. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1997, pp. 16–19, cat. no. 217, figs. 411, 412 (fols. 5v, 66).


Gy, Pierre-Marie. "Bulletin de liturgie." Revue des sciences philosophiques et théologiques 84 (2000): 513-44; p. 520.


Bennett, Adelaide. "Continuity and Change in the Religious Book Culture of the Lowlands in the Thirteenth and Fourteenth Centuries." In Medieval Mastery: Book Illumination from Charlemagne to Charles the Bold (800-1475). Edited by William Noel and Lee Preedy, 167-179. Turnhout Belgium: Brepols, 2002; p. 176.


Nevins, Teresa. "Psalter and Litany." In Medieval Mastery: Book Illumination from Charlemagne to Charles the Bold (800-1475). Edited by William Noel and Lee Preedy. Turnhout, Belgium: Brepols, 2002; pp. 194-195, cat. no. 34.


Bütner, F.O. "Form and History: Der illuminierte Psalter im Westen." In The Illuminated Psalter. Edited by F.O. Bütner, 1-106. Turnhout, Belgium: Brepols, 2004; p. 63 (n. 94).


Gil, Marc, and Ludovic Nys. Saint-Omer gothique: les arts figuratifs à Saint-Omer à la fin du Moyen Âge, 1250-1550 : peinture, vitrail, sculpture, arts du livre. Valenciennes Cedex: Presses Universitaires de Valenciennes, 2004; p. 76.


These are pages that we pulled aside that disrupted the flow of the manuscript reader. These may be bindings, inserts, bookmarks, and various other oddities.

Upper board outside

Lower board outside

Spine

Fore-edge

Head

Tail

Keywords
English
Flemish
Historiated initial
Inhabited initial
Miniature
Textura
Flanders
13th century
Devotion
Psalter-Hours
Christian
England
14th century

Origin Place

Bruges-Ghent

Date

Ca. 1270-1280 CE

Form

book

Binding

Non-original Binding

Binding Description

Late nineteenth- or early twentieth-century red velvet binding, likely by Léon Gruel in Paris

Language

The primary language in this manuscript is Latin.

Provenance

Created in Flanders, or possibly French Flanders ca. 1270-80

In England by fourteenth century, as evinced by the obituary of an Englishman named Edmund, son of William Clusin

Imperial Russian ownership stamp, with word "Expecto" inscribed within it

Léon Gruel, Paris, owned late nineteenth or early twentieth century; his bookplate, and "no. 1448," on front pastedown

Henry Walters, Baltimore, purchased from Gruel before 1931

Acquisition

Walters Art Museum, 1931, by Henry Walters' bequest

← search Psalter W.35

Origin Place

Bruges-Ghent

Date

Ca. 1270-1280 CE

Form

book

Language

The primary language in this manuscript is Latin.

Provenance

Created in Flanders, or possibly French Flanders ca. 1270-80

In England by fourteenth century, as evinced by the obituary of an Englishman named Edmund, son of William Clusin

Imperial Russian ownership stamp, with word "Expecto" inscribed within it

Léon Gruel, Paris, owned late nineteenth or early twentieth century; his bookplate, and "no. 1448," on front pastedown

Henry Walters, Baltimore, purchased from Gruel before 1931

Acquisition

Walters Art Museum, 1931, by Henry Walters' bequest

Manuscript Overview

Abstract

This manuscript was created in Flanders ca. 1270-80. Originally a standard liturgical Psalter, it was converted in the fourteenth century for the use of an English owner, possibly a cleric, through the addition of a second litany focused on English saints and an Office of the Dead. The illuminations, composed of vignettes depicting labors of the months in the calendar and historiated initials within the psalms themselves, belong to the first phase of production and are characteristic of Psalter iconography from the Bruges-Ghent region during this period.

Text Note

Psalter with second litany and Office of the Dead added in fourteenth century

Hand note

Script smaller than in added litany and appears to be different hand

Decoration Note

One full-page historiated initial missing after fol. 6, and likely several other full-page miniatures missing before major Psalm initials; nine surviving historiated initials (9 lines); twelve calendar vignettes (16-19 calendar lines); enlarged decorative initials in blue, rose, and gold at psalm openings and for "KL" in calendar (3 lines); versals begin with alternating blue and gold initials (1 line); in added texts, fols. 162r-172r: enlarged initials in blue or gold with red or purple pen flourishes (2 lines); smaller initials in same colors in litany (1 line); rubrics in red; text in black ink

References

Contributors

Principal cataloger: Randall, Lilian M.C.

Cataloger: Herbert, Lynley

Editor: Herbert, Lynley

Copy editor: Dibble, Charles

Contributor: Emery, Doug

Contributor: Herbert, Lynley

Contributor: Izer, Emily

Contributor: Noel, William

Contributor: Schuele, Allyson

Contributor: Tabritha, Ariel

Contributor: Toth, Michael B.

Contributor: Wiegand, Kimber

Conservator: Owen, Linda

Conservator: Quandt, Abigail

Bibliography

De Ricci, S., and W. J. Wilson. Census of Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the United States and Canada. Vol. 1. New York: H. W. Wilson Company, 1935, p. 771, cat. no. 87.


Stones, Margaret A. “Illumination of the French Prose Lancelot in Flanders, Belgium, and Paris, 1250–1340.” PhD diss., University of London, 1970–1971: pp. 98, 447, 497, 502, 506.


Randall, Lilian M. C. "Flemish Psalters in the Apostolic Tradition." In Gatherings in Honor of Dorothy Miner, edited by Ursula E. McCracken, Lilian M. C. Randall, and Richard H. Randall, Jr., 171–93. Baltimore: Walters Art Gallery, 1974, figs. 8, 15, 25 (fols. 4v, 96v, 16v).


Carlvant, Kerstin. "Thirteenth-Century Illumination in Bruges and Ghent." PhD diss., Columbia University, 1978: pp. 434, 463.


Randall, Lilian M. C. Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Walters Art Gallery. Vol. 3, pt. 1. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1997, pp. 16–19, cat. no. 217, figs. 411, 412 (fols. 5v, 66).


Gy, Pierre-Marie. "Bulletin de liturgie." Revue des sciences philosophiques et théologiques 84 (2000): 513-44; p. 520.


Bennett, Adelaide. "Continuity and Change in the Religious Book Culture of the Lowlands in the Thirteenth and Fourteenth Centuries." In Medieval Mastery: Book Illumination from Charlemagne to Charles the Bold (800-1475). Edited by William Noel and Lee Preedy, 167-179. Turnhout Belgium: Brepols, 2002; p. 176.


Nevins, Teresa. "Psalter and Litany." In Medieval Mastery: Book Illumination from Charlemagne to Charles the Bold (800-1475). Edited by William Noel and Lee Preedy. Turnhout, Belgium: Brepols, 2002; pp. 194-195, cat. no. 34.


Bütner, F.O. "Form and History: Der illuminierte Psalter im Westen." In The Illuminated Psalter. Edited by F.O. Bütner, 1-106. Turnhout, Belgium: Brepols, 2004; p. 63 (n. 94).


Gil, Marc, and Ludovic Nys. Saint-Omer gothique: les arts figuratifs à Saint-Omer à la fin du Moyen Âge, 1250-1550 : peinture, vitrail, sculpture, arts du livre. Valenciennes Cedex: Presses Universitaires de Valenciennes, 2004; p. 76.


Bindings & Oddities

These are pages that we pulled aside that disrupted the flow of the manuscript reader. These may be bindings, inserts, bookmarks, and various other oddities.

Upper board outside

Lower board outside

Spine

Fore-edge

Head

Tail

Keywords
English
Flemish
Historiated initial
Inhabited initial
Miniature
Textura
Flanders
13th century
Devotion
Psalter-Hours
Christian
England
14th century
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