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← search Book of Hours W.39
Manuscript Overview
References
Bindings & Oddities

Abstract

This Book of Hours was likely produced for a member of the Augustinian Collegiate Church of Saint-Pierre at Lille along the Flemish-French border. The patron may have had himself depicted in the opening initial for the Penitential Psalms on fol. 125r, shown kneeling before an altar in prayer with hands extended to heaven, from which God emerges in a cloud, blessing the man and carrying a black book. A significant number of feast days in the calendar are devoted to saints venerated in Lille, and the proximity of St. Peter to the Virgin in the Pentecost historiated initial on fol. 13r may further suggest a connection to Saint-Pierre at Lille. Historiated and inhabited initials, drolleries, and vignettes are painted simply with dark outlines to delineate forms. Decorated initials and marginal ornament combine a calligraphic elegance with bold outlines that ultimately circumscribe the ornament. The ivory plaque depicting the Coronation of the Virgin below a trefoil Gothic arch was inserted into the front cover in the nineteenth century, although the ivory itself dates to the fourteenth century and was carved in either Flanders or Germany.

Hand note

Textura

Decoration Note

Eleven vignettes in the Calendar; thirteen principal historiated initials of biblical or devotional scenes (5-6 lines); secondary historiated initials with male and female faces or inhabited with creatures (2 lines); decorated initials at secondary and tertiary textual divisions (1-2 lines); marginal drolleries on folios with principal historiated initials; decorated marginal and intertextual bands throughout; rubrics in red; text in black ink

Contributors

Principal cataloger: Randall, Lilian M.C.

Cataloger: Dennis, Nathan S

Editor: Herbert, Lynley

Copy editor: Dibble, Charles

Contributor: Brown, Emily

Contributor: Emery, Doug

Contributor: Izer, Emily

Contributor: Noel, William

Contributor: Schuele, Allyson

Contributor: Tabritha, Ariel

Contributor: Toth, Michael B.

Contributor: Wiegand, Kimber

Conservator: Owen, Linda

Conservator: Quandt, Abigail

Bibliography

Owens, M. B. "Musical Subjects in the Illumination of Books of Hours from Fifteenth-Century France and Flanders." PhD diss., University of Chicago, 1987: p. 362.


De Ricci, Seymour, and W. J. Wilson. Census of Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the United States and Canada. Vol. 1. New York: H. W. Wilson Company, 1935, p. 781, cat. no. 156.


Diringer, David. The Illuminated Book: Its History and Production. London: Faber and Faber, 1958, p. 381.


Miner, Dorothy, ed. Illuminated Books of the Middle Ages and Renaissance: An Exhibition Held at the Baltimore Museum of Art. Baltimore: Walters Art Gallery, 1949, cat. no. 56, pl. 31 (fols. 10v–11r).


Randall, Lilian M. C. Images in the Margins of Gothic Manuscripts. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1966.


Miner, Dorothy. "January in the Middle Ages." Bulletin of the Walters Art Gallery 25, no. 4 (1973): figs. 2–3 (fol. 1v).


Wieck, Roger S. Time Sanctified: The Book of Hours in Medieval Art and Life. New York: George Braziller, 1988, pp. 171–172, cat. no. 3, fig. 37 (f.91r).


Randall, Lilian M. C. Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Walters Art Gallery. Vol. 1. France: 875-1420. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1989, pp. 90–93, cat. no. 39.


Sterling, Charles. La Peinture Medievale Pari. Lausanne, Switzerland: La bibliotheque des arts, 1990; p. 50.


Randall, Richard H., Jr. The Golden Age of Ivory: Gothic Carvings in North American Collections. New York: Hudson Hills Press, 1993, pp. 138–139, cat. no. 212.


Higgitt, John. The Murthly Hours: Devotion, Literacy and Luxury in Paris, England, and the Gaelic West. London: British Library, 2000, pp. 178, 182.


Bradford Smith, Elizabeth. "Book of Hours with Inset Plaque of Coronation of the Virgin." In Medieval Art in America: Patterns of Collecting: 1800-1940. Exhibition Catalogue. Palmer Museum of Art. Edited by Elizabeth Bradford Smith et al, 154-155. University Park, PA: The Pennsylvania State University Press, 1996; pp. 154-155, cat. no. 37.


Stones, Alison. "Stylistic Associations, Evolution, and Collaboration." The J. Paul Getty Museum Journal: 23 (1995): 11-29; p. 27 (n. 32 for p. 21).


Bennett, Adelaide. "Making Literate Lay Women Visible: Text and Image in French and Flemish Books of Hours, 1220-1320." In Thresholds of Medieval Visual Culture: Liminal Spaces, edited by Elina Gertsman and Jill Stephenson, 125-158. Woodbridge, Suffolk: Boydell Press, 2012; p. 131.


These are pages that we pulled aside that disrupted the flow of the manuscript reader. These may be bindings, inserts, bookmarks, and various other oddities.

Upper board outside

Front flyleaf ibookmarkr

Lower board outside

Spine

Fore-edge

Head

Tail

Book box hinge side

Book box clasp side

Book box right side

Book box left side

Book box lid

Book box bottom

Book box inside lid

Book box inside bottom

Keywords
Book of Hours
Flemish
French
Historiated initial
Inhabited initial
Miniature
Textura
Treasure binding
Flanders
France
13th century
Devotion
Christian
Philosophy
Science

Origin Place

Northeastern France or Western Flanders

Date

Ca. 1275-1300 CE

Form

book

Binding

Non-original Binding

Binding Description

Rebound in Paris with brown morocco by Léon Gruel in the late nineteenth or earl twentieth century; fourteenth-century ivory plaque depicting the Coronation of the Virgin inserted onto upper board; silver spiral-column clasps and fasteners added to fore-edges; gilded line along board edges, with triple lines on inner boards and five pairs of double lines on top and bottom edges of spine; three ribs on spine; pastedowns of red floral-patterned silk

Language

The primary language in this manuscript is Latin. The secondary language of this manuscript is French, Old (842-ca.1400).

Provenance

Produced in Northeastern France or Western Flanders for use at the Augustinian Collegiate Church of Saint-Pierre at Lille in the last quarter of the thirteenth century

Acquired by Léon Gruel in the nineteenth century; his bookplate with no. 68 appears on the front pastedown

Henry Walters, Baltimore, purchased from Léon Gruel between 1895 and 1931

Acquisition

Walters Art Museum, 1931, by Henry Walters' bequest

← search Book of Hours W.39

Origin Place

Northeastern France or Western Flanders

Date

Ca. 1275-1300 CE

Form

book

Language

The primary language in this manuscript is Latin. The secondary language of this manuscript is French, Old (842-ca.1400).

Provenance

Produced in Northeastern France or Western Flanders for use at the Augustinian Collegiate Church of Saint-Pierre at Lille in the last quarter of the thirteenth century

Acquired by Léon Gruel in the nineteenth century; his bookplate with no. 68 appears on the front pastedown

Henry Walters, Baltimore, purchased from Léon Gruel between 1895 and 1931

Acquisition

Walters Art Museum, 1931, by Henry Walters' bequest

Manuscript Overview

Abstract

This Book of Hours was likely produced for a member of the Augustinian Collegiate Church of Saint-Pierre at Lille along the Flemish-French border. The patron may have had himself depicted in the opening initial for the Penitential Psalms on fol. 125r, shown kneeling before an altar in prayer with hands extended to heaven, from which God emerges in a cloud, blessing the man and carrying a black book. A significant number of feast days in the calendar are devoted to saints venerated in Lille, and the proximity of St. Peter to the Virgin in the Pentecost historiated initial on fol. 13r may further suggest a connection to Saint-Pierre at Lille. Historiated and inhabited initials, drolleries, and vignettes are painted simply with dark outlines to delineate forms. Decorated initials and marginal ornament combine a calligraphic elegance with bold outlines that ultimately circumscribe the ornament. The ivory plaque depicting the Coronation of the Virgin below a trefoil Gothic arch was inserted into the front cover in the nineteenth century, although the ivory itself dates to the fourteenth century and was carved in either Flanders or Germany.

Hand note

Textura

Decoration Note

Eleven vignettes in the Calendar; thirteen principal historiated initials of biblical or devotional scenes (5-6 lines); secondary historiated initials with male and female faces or inhabited with creatures (2 lines); decorated initials at secondary and tertiary textual divisions (1-2 lines); marginal drolleries on folios with principal historiated initials; decorated marginal and intertextual bands throughout; rubrics in red; text in black ink

References

Contributors

Principal cataloger: Randall, Lilian M.C.

Cataloger: Dennis, Nathan S

Editor: Herbert, Lynley

Copy editor: Dibble, Charles

Contributor: Brown, Emily

Contributor: Emery, Doug

Contributor: Izer, Emily

Contributor: Noel, William

Contributor: Schuele, Allyson

Contributor: Tabritha, Ariel

Contributor: Toth, Michael B.

Contributor: Wiegand, Kimber

Conservator: Owen, Linda

Conservator: Quandt, Abigail

Bibliography

Owens, M. B. "Musical Subjects in the Illumination of Books of Hours from Fifteenth-Century France and Flanders." PhD diss., University of Chicago, 1987: p. 362.


De Ricci, Seymour, and W. J. Wilson. Census of Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the United States and Canada. Vol. 1. New York: H. W. Wilson Company, 1935, p. 781, cat. no. 156.


Diringer, David. The Illuminated Book: Its History and Production. London: Faber and Faber, 1958, p. 381.


Miner, Dorothy, ed. Illuminated Books of the Middle Ages and Renaissance: An Exhibition Held at the Baltimore Museum of Art. Baltimore: Walters Art Gallery, 1949, cat. no. 56, pl. 31 (fols. 10v–11r).


Randall, Lilian M. C. Images in the Margins of Gothic Manuscripts. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1966.


Miner, Dorothy. "January in the Middle Ages." Bulletin of the Walters Art Gallery 25, no. 4 (1973): figs. 2–3 (fol. 1v).


Wieck, Roger S. Time Sanctified: The Book of Hours in Medieval Art and Life. New York: George Braziller, 1988, pp. 171–172, cat. no. 3, fig. 37 (f.91r).


Randall, Lilian M. C. Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Walters Art Gallery. Vol. 1. France: 875-1420. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1989, pp. 90–93, cat. no. 39.


Sterling, Charles. La Peinture Medievale Pari. Lausanne, Switzerland: La bibliotheque des arts, 1990; p. 50.


Randall, Richard H., Jr. The Golden Age of Ivory: Gothic Carvings in North American Collections. New York: Hudson Hills Press, 1993, pp. 138–139, cat. no. 212.


Higgitt, John. The Murthly Hours: Devotion, Literacy and Luxury in Paris, England, and the Gaelic West. London: British Library, 2000, pp. 178, 182.


Bradford Smith, Elizabeth. "Book of Hours with Inset Plaque of Coronation of the Virgin." In Medieval Art in America: Patterns of Collecting: 1800-1940. Exhibition Catalogue. Palmer Museum of Art. Edited by Elizabeth Bradford Smith et al, 154-155. University Park, PA: The Pennsylvania State University Press, 1996; pp. 154-155, cat. no. 37.


Stones, Alison. "Stylistic Associations, Evolution, and Collaboration." The J. Paul Getty Museum Journal: 23 (1995): 11-29; p. 27 (n. 32 for p. 21).


Bennett, Adelaide. "Making Literate Lay Women Visible: Text and Image in French and Flemish Books of Hours, 1220-1320." In Thresholds of Medieval Visual Culture: Liminal Spaces, edited by Elina Gertsman and Jill Stephenson, 125-158. Woodbridge, Suffolk: Boydell Press, 2012; p. 131.


Bindings & Oddities

These are pages that we pulled aside that disrupted the flow of the manuscript reader. These may be bindings, inserts, bookmarks, and various other oddities.

Upper board outside

Front flyleaf ibookmarkr

Lower board outside

Spine

Fore-edge

Head

Tail

Book box hinge side

Book box clasp side

Book box right side

Book box left side

Book box lid

Book box bottom

Book box inside lid

Book box inside bottom

Keywords
Book of Hours
Flemish
French
Historiated initial
Inhabited initial
Miniature
Textura
Treasure binding
Flanders
France
13th century
Devotion
Christian
Philosophy
Science
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