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← search Album of Persian and Indian calligraphy and paintings W.668
Manuscript Overview
References
Bindings & Oddities

Abstract

This is an album (muraqqaʿ) of Persian and Indian calligraphy and paintings, most probably compiled in the thirteenth century AH / nineteenth CE. The album contains thirty-four illustrations, three of which are attributed to the Mughal painter Abū al-Ḥasan (Nādir al-al-Zamān), two to Manūhar, and one each to Dawlat and Ṣādiqī. There are several portraits of rulers and courtiers, as well as scenes from historical manuscripts, such as Bāburnāmah and Gulistān by Saʿdī. This album is also significant for the number of works by the artist Shayk Abbāsī, who worked in the eleventh century AH / seventeenth CE. The signed calligraphic pieces bear the names of ʿImād al-Ḥasanī (d. 1024 AH / 1615 CE), ʿAlī Riz̤ā-ʾi ʿAbbāsī, Mīr ʿAlī, and ʿAbd al-Rashīd al-Daylamī (d. 1081 AH / 1670-1 CE). The album was initially in an accordion format and was later made into a codex. The lacquer binding with central ovals and pendants decorated with flowers dates to the thirteenth century AH / nineteenth CE.

Hand note

Written in calligraphic nastaʿlīq script with some folios in shikastah script; signed calligraphy by ʿImād al-Ḥasanī (Mīr ʿImād) (fols. 2b, 3a, 27a, 30b, 42b, 46b, 47a, 51a, 74b, and 75a), ʿAlī Riz̤ā-ʾi ʿAbbāsī (fols. 12b and 13a), Mīr ʿAlī (fols. 6b, 7a, and 50b), and ʿAbd al-Rashīd al-Daylamī (fols. 20b, 38b, 39a, and 55a)

Decoration Note

Thirty-four illustrations, some attributed to Manūhar (fols. 28b and 29a), Abū al-Ḥasan Nādir al-Zamān (fols. 37a, 40b, and 45a), Dawlat (fol. 36a), and Ṣādiqī (fol. 69a); decorated borders on colored paper

Contributors

artist: Abū al-Ḥasan Nādir al-al-Zamān

artist: Manūhar

artist: Ṣādiqī

artist: Dawlat

Principal cataloger: Gacek, Adam

Cataloger: Landau, Amy

Cataloger: Smith, Sita

Copy editor: Bockrath, Diane

Contributor: Barrera, Christina

Contributor: Emery, Doug

Contributor: Herbert, Lynley

Contributor: Noel, William

Contributor: Simpson, Shreve

Contributor: Tabritha, Ariel

Contributor: Toth, Michael B.

Contributor: Valle, Chiara

Conservator: Jewell, Stephanie

Conservator: Quandt, Abigail

Bibliography

Farhad, Massumeh. "Safavid Single-Page Paintings 1629-1666." (PhD diss., Harvard University, 1987), 204-216.


Beach, Milo Cleveland. "The Mughal Painter Abu'l Hasan and some English Sources for his Style." Journal of the Walters Art Gallery 38 (1980): 6-33.


Ettinghausen, Richard. Paintings of the Sultans and Emperors of India in American Collections. (New Delhi: Lalit Kalā Akademi, 1961), 37, pl. 11.


Hubbard, I. "ʿAlī Riẓā-i ʿAbbāsī, Calligrapher and Painter." Ars Islamica 4 (1937): 282-91.


Smart, Ellen S. "Yet Another Illustrated Akbari Baburnama Manuscript." In Facets of Indian Art. Robert Skelton. (London: Victoria and Albert Museum, 1986), 105-115.


Beach, Milo, Eberhard Fischer, and B. N. Goswamy. Masters of Indian Painting 1100-1650. Artibus Asiae Supplementum 48, vol. 1., 2011.


Bailey, Gauvin. "Supplement: The Sins of Sadiqi’s Old Age." In Persian Painting from the Mongols to the Qajars. Robert Hillenbrand. (London, I. B. Tauris, 2000), 264-265.


See also "Abu’l-Ḥasan Nāder-al-Zamān," "ʿAlī-Reżā Abbāsī," "ʿEmād Ḥasanī, Mīr, ʿEmad-al-Molk," "Šayk Abbāsī," and "ʿAbd-al-Rašīd Daylamī." Encyclopaedia Iranica, s.v.


Skelton, Robert. "Ghiyath al-Din 'Ali-yi Naqshband and an Episode in the Life of Sadiqi Beg." In Persian Painting from the Mongols to the Qajars. Robert Hillenbrand. (London: I. B. Tauris, 2000), 249-263.


Gahlin, Sven. The Courts of India: Indian Miniatures from the Collection of the Fondation Custodia, Paris. Paris: Fondation Custodia; Zwolle, Netherlands: Waanders Publishers, 1991.


These are pages that we pulled aside that disrupted the flow of the manuscript reader. These may be bindings, inserts, bookmarks, and various other oddities.

Upper board outside

Lower board outside

Spine

Fore-edge

Head

Tail

Keywords
Calligraphy
Miniature
Mughal
Painting
India
Iran
Persian
Safavid
Illustration
Islamic
Qajar
Album
Indian
Accordion book
Literature -- Poetry

Origin Place

Iran or India

Date

Late 10th century AH / 16th CE -- 13th century AH / 19th CE

Form

album

Binding

Non-original Binding

Binding Description

Probably thirteenth century AH / nineteenth CE; lacquer boards (no flap); central ovals and pendants decorated with flowers

Language

The primary language in this manuscript is Persian.

Provenance

Seal impression: ʿAbduh Khudādād, 1189 AH / 1775 CE

Seal impression: Farhād, 1234 AH / 1800 CE

Inscriptions in Russian and Persian, 1237 AH / 1821 CE

Seal impression: Muḥammad al-Ḥasanī

Seal impression: Fatḥ ʿAlī

Acquisition

Walters Art Museum, 1931, by Henry Walters bequest

← search Album of Persian and Indian calligraphy and paintings W.668

Origin Place

Iran or India

Date

Late 10th century AH / 16th CE -- 13th century AH / 19th CE

Form

album

Language

The primary language in this manuscript is Persian.

Provenance

Seal impression: ʿAbduh Khudādād, 1189 AH / 1775 CE

Seal impression: Farhād, 1234 AH / 1800 CE

Inscriptions in Russian and Persian, 1237 AH / 1821 CE

Seal impression: Muḥammad al-Ḥasanī

Seal impression: Fatḥ ʿAlī

Acquisition

Walters Art Museum, 1931, by Henry Walters bequest

Manuscript Overview

Abstract

This is an album (muraqqaʿ) of Persian and Indian calligraphy and paintings, most probably compiled in the thirteenth century AH / nineteenth CE. The album contains thirty-four illustrations, three of which are attributed to the Mughal painter Abū al-Ḥasan (Nādir al-al-Zamān), two to Manūhar, and one each to Dawlat and Ṣādiqī. There are several portraits of rulers and courtiers, as well as scenes from historical manuscripts, such as Bāburnāmah and Gulistān by Saʿdī. This album is also significant for the number of works by the artist Shayk Abbāsī, who worked in the eleventh century AH / seventeenth CE. The signed calligraphic pieces bear the names of ʿImād al-Ḥasanī (d. 1024 AH / 1615 CE), ʿAlī Riz̤ā-ʾi ʿAbbāsī, Mīr ʿAlī, and ʿAbd al-Rashīd al-Daylamī (d. 1081 AH / 1670-1 CE). The album was initially in an accordion format and was later made into a codex. The lacquer binding with central ovals and pendants decorated with flowers dates to the thirteenth century AH / nineteenth CE.

Hand note

Written in calligraphic nastaʿlīq script with some folios in shikastah script; signed calligraphy by ʿImād al-Ḥasanī (Mīr ʿImād) (fols. 2b, 3a, 27a, 30b, 42b, 46b, 47a, 51a, 74b, and 75a), ʿAlī Riz̤ā-ʾi ʿAbbāsī (fols. 12b and 13a), Mīr ʿAlī (fols. 6b, 7a, and 50b), and ʿAbd al-Rashīd al-Daylamī (fols. 20b, 38b, 39a, and 55a)

Decoration Note

Thirty-four illustrations, some attributed to Manūhar (fols. 28b and 29a), Abū al-Ḥasan Nādir al-Zamān (fols. 37a, 40b, and 45a), Dawlat (fol. 36a), and Ṣādiqī (fol. 69a); decorated borders on colored paper

References

Contributors

artist: Abū al-Ḥasan Nādir al-al-Zamān

artist: Manūhar

artist: Ṣādiqī

artist: Dawlat

Principal cataloger: Gacek, Adam

Cataloger: Landau, Amy

Cataloger: Smith, Sita

Copy editor: Bockrath, Diane

Contributor: Barrera, Christina

Contributor: Emery, Doug

Contributor: Herbert, Lynley

Contributor: Noel, William

Contributor: Simpson, Shreve

Contributor: Tabritha, Ariel

Contributor: Toth, Michael B.

Contributor: Valle, Chiara

Conservator: Jewell, Stephanie

Conservator: Quandt, Abigail

Bibliography

Farhad, Massumeh. "Safavid Single-Page Paintings 1629-1666." (PhD diss., Harvard University, 1987), 204-216.


Beach, Milo Cleveland. "The Mughal Painter Abu'l Hasan and some English Sources for his Style." Journal of the Walters Art Gallery 38 (1980): 6-33.


Ettinghausen, Richard. Paintings of the Sultans and Emperors of India in American Collections. (New Delhi: Lalit Kalā Akademi, 1961), 37, pl. 11.


Hubbard, I. "ʿAlī Riẓā-i ʿAbbāsī, Calligrapher and Painter." Ars Islamica 4 (1937): 282-91.


Smart, Ellen S. "Yet Another Illustrated Akbari Baburnama Manuscript." In Facets of Indian Art. Robert Skelton. (London: Victoria and Albert Museum, 1986), 105-115.


Beach, Milo, Eberhard Fischer, and B. N. Goswamy. Masters of Indian Painting 1100-1650. Artibus Asiae Supplementum 48, vol. 1., 2011.


Bailey, Gauvin. "Supplement: The Sins of Sadiqi’s Old Age." In Persian Painting from the Mongols to the Qajars. Robert Hillenbrand. (London, I. B. Tauris, 2000), 264-265.


See also "Abu’l-Ḥasan Nāder-al-Zamān," "ʿAlī-Reżā Abbāsī," "ʿEmād Ḥasanī, Mīr, ʿEmad-al-Molk," "Šayk Abbāsī," and "ʿAbd-al-Rašīd Daylamī." Encyclopaedia Iranica, s.v.


Skelton, Robert. "Ghiyath al-Din 'Ali-yi Naqshband and an Episode in the Life of Sadiqi Beg." In Persian Painting from the Mongols to the Qajars. Robert Hillenbrand. (London: I. B. Tauris, 2000), 249-263.


Gahlin, Sven. The Courts of India: Indian Miniatures from the Collection of the Fondation Custodia, Paris. Paris: Fondation Custodia; Zwolle, Netherlands: Waanders Publishers, 1991.


Bindings & Oddities

These are pages that we pulled aside that disrupted the flow of the manuscript reader. These may be bindings, inserts, bookmarks, and various other oddities.

Upper board outside

Lower board outside

Spine

Fore-edge

Head

Tail

Keywords
Calligraphy
Miniature
Mughal
Painting
India
Iran
Persian
Safavid
Illustration
Islamic
Qajar
Album
Indian
Accordion book
Literature -- Poetry
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