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← search Incomplete Book of Hours W.87
Manuscript Overview
References
Bindings & Oddities

Abstract

This Book of Hours was made ca. 1310-20, likely in Ghent. It was badly rebound with a sixteenth-century Flemish binding by Léon Gruel in Paris at the end of the nineteenth or early twentieth century, and the initials of Gruel and Engelmann are printed on the bookplate on the front pastedown. The manuscript lacks its calendar, and the text is incomplete and misbound. In the fourteenth century a prayer for Communion, written in French, was added at the end of the book. Initials in gold, blue and pink mark the divisions of the text. The manuscript is richly illuminated with drolleries; painted on the borders of each folio, they would have amused the reader with their playful animals, hybrids, and human figures.

Text Note

Incomplete; calendar is missing; all sections misbound

Hand note

Drolleries throughout; initials in gold, pink and blue for divisions of the text

Decoration Note

Illuminated initials in gold on blue or pink ground (2 lines) for major divisions; secondary divisions (1 line); either lower or top margins of each folio depicts drolleries with fanciful animals, hybrids, humans; overtly religious imagery is rare (for example the Holy Face on fol. 64v); initials on fols. 62r, 67v, 76v, and 79r contain heads; line fillers with geometric motifs or beast head in blue and pink on gold ground; rubrics in red; text in dark brown ink

Contributors

Principal cataloger: Randall, Lilian M.C.

Cataloger: Valle, Chiara

Editor: Herbert, Lynley

Copy editor: Dibble, Charles

Contributor: Emery, Doug

Contributor: Noel, William

Contributor: Schuele, Allyson

Contributor: Tabritha, Ariel

Contributor: Toth, Michael B.

Contributor: Wiegand, Kimber

Conservator: Owen, Linda

Conservator: Quandt, Abigail

Bibliography

Weale, William H. J. Bookbindings and Rubbings of Bindings in the National Art Library South Kensington Museum. Vol. 2. London: Eyre and Spottiswoode, 1894; pp. 194-5, cat. no. 416 **see for binding comparison


De Ricci, Seymour, and W. J. Wilson. Census of Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the United States and Canada. Vol. 1. New York: H. W. Wilson Company, 1935; p. 783, cat. no. 161.


Randall, Lilian M. C. Images in the Margins of Gothic Manuscripts. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1966; p. 38, figs. 107, 436.


Randall, Lilian M. C. Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Walters Art Gallery. Vol. 3, Belgium, 1250-1530. Baltimore and London: Johns Hopkins University Press in association with the Walters Art Gallery, 1997; pp. 72-74, cat. no. 224.


Manion, Margaret M. The Felton Illuminated Manuscripts in the National Gallery of Victoria. Melbourne, Australia: Macmillan Art Publishing and the National Gallery of Victoria, 2005; p. 375 (n. 22).


Dillon, Emma. "Representing Obscene Sound." In Medieval Obscenities, edited by Nicola McDonald, 55-84. Woodbridge, Suffolk: York Medieval Press, 2006; p. 75.


Wirth, Jean, and Isabelle Engammare. Les marges à drôleries des manuscrits gothiques, 1250-1350. Geneva: Librairie Droz, 2008; 234.


These are pages that we pulled aside that disrupted the flow of the manuscript reader. These may be bindings, inserts, bookmarks, and various other oddities.

Upper board outside

Lower board outside

Spine

Fore-edge

Head

Tail

Keywords
Book of Hours
Christian
Flemish
Binding
Grotesques
Flanders
14th century
Devotion
Inhabited initial
Ornament

Origin Place

Flanders (Ghent?)

Date

Ca. 1310-20 CE

Form

book

Binding

Non-original Binding

Binding Description

Sixteenth-century brown calf binding; rebacked in the nineteenth-twentieth century by Léon Gruel; front and back boards are stamped with framing fillets; two vertical bands at the center are inhabited by six animals within vine spirals; on front and back boards an inscription around the central panels writes "DEUS DET / NOBIS SUA[M] PACE[M] ET / POST MORTE[M] / VITA[M] ETERNA[M] AMEN," spine rounded and backed; yellow formerly on the edges has been scraped; a comparable binding layout with inscription and panels with pairs of animals is signed by the Flemish binder Iohannes Bosscaert on a book printed in 1526 (Weale 1894, no. 416)

Language

The primary language in this manuscript is Latin. The secondary language of this manuscript is French, Old (842-ca.1400).

Provenance

Created ca. 1310-20, likely in Ghent

Léon Gruel, Paris, nineteenth-twentieth century; his bookplate engraved G E

Henry Walters, Baltimore, purchased from Gruel between 1895 and 1931; ex libris on front flyleaf recto

Acquisition

Walters Art Museum, 1931, by Henry Walters' bequest

← search Incomplete Book of Hours W.87

Origin Place

Flanders (Ghent?)

Date

Ca. 1310-20 CE

Form

book

Language

The primary language in this manuscript is Latin. The secondary language of this manuscript is French, Old (842-ca.1400).

Provenance

Created ca. 1310-20, likely in Ghent

Léon Gruel, Paris, nineteenth-twentieth century; his bookplate engraved G E

Henry Walters, Baltimore, purchased from Gruel between 1895 and 1931; ex libris on front flyleaf recto

Acquisition

Walters Art Museum, 1931, by Henry Walters' bequest

Manuscript Overview

Abstract

This Book of Hours was made ca. 1310-20, likely in Ghent. It was badly rebound with a sixteenth-century Flemish binding by Léon Gruel in Paris at the end of the nineteenth or early twentieth century, and the initials of Gruel and Engelmann are printed on the bookplate on the front pastedown. The manuscript lacks its calendar, and the text is incomplete and misbound. In the fourteenth century a prayer for Communion, written in French, was added at the end of the book. Initials in gold, blue and pink mark the divisions of the text. The manuscript is richly illuminated with drolleries; painted on the borders of each folio, they would have amused the reader with their playful animals, hybrids, and human figures.

Text Note

Incomplete; calendar is missing; all sections misbound

Hand note

Drolleries throughout; initials in gold, pink and blue for divisions of the text

Decoration Note

Illuminated initials in gold on blue or pink ground (2 lines) for major divisions; secondary divisions (1 line); either lower or top margins of each folio depicts drolleries with fanciful animals, hybrids, humans; overtly religious imagery is rare (for example the Holy Face on fol. 64v); initials on fols. 62r, 67v, 76v, and 79r contain heads; line fillers with geometric motifs or beast head in blue and pink on gold ground; rubrics in red; text in dark brown ink

References

Contributors

Principal cataloger: Randall, Lilian M.C.

Cataloger: Valle, Chiara

Editor: Herbert, Lynley

Copy editor: Dibble, Charles

Contributor: Emery, Doug

Contributor: Noel, William

Contributor: Schuele, Allyson

Contributor: Tabritha, Ariel

Contributor: Toth, Michael B.

Contributor: Wiegand, Kimber

Conservator: Owen, Linda

Conservator: Quandt, Abigail

Bibliography

Weale, William H. J. Bookbindings and Rubbings of Bindings in the National Art Library South Kensington Museum. Vol. 2. London: Eyre and Spottiswoode, 1894; pp. 194-5, cat. no. 416 **see for binding comparison


De Ricci, Seymour, and W. J. Wilson. Census of Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the United States and Canada. Vol. 1. New York: H. W. Wilson Company, 1935; p. 783, cat. no. 161.


Randall, Lilian M. C. Images in the Margins of Gothic Manuscripts. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1966; p. 38, figs. 107, 436.


Randall, Lilian M. C. Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Walters Art Gallery. Vol. 3, Belgium, 1250-1530. Baltimore and London: Johns Hopkins University Press in association with the Walters Art Gallery, 1997; pp. 72-74, cat. no. 224.


Manion, Margaret M. The Felton Illuminated Manuscripts in the National Gallery of Victoria. Melbourne, Australia: Macmillan Art Publishing and the National Gallery of Victoria, 2005; p. 375 (n. 22).


Dillon, Emma. "Representing Obscene Sound." In Medieval Obscenities, edited by Nicola McDonald, 55-84. Woodbridge, Suffolk: York Medieval Press, 2006; p. 75.


Wirth, Jean, and Isabelle Engammare. Les marges à drôleries des manuscrits gothiques, 1250-1350. Geneva: Librairie Droz, 2008; 234.


Bindings & Oddities

These are pages that we pulled aside that disrupted the flow of the manuscript reader. These may be bindings, inserts, bookmarks, and various other oddities.

Upper board outside

Lower board outside

Spine

Fore-edge

Head

Tail

Keywords
Book of Hours
Christian
Flemish
Binding
Grotesques
Flanders
14th century
Devotion
Inhabited initial
Ornament
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